The Magickal Universe

Where Magick is a way of life!

Metaphysical Definitions.

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A

Abaracadabra: Abaracadabra (abra-ka-dabra) /intj/ an exclaimation used as a magic spell.  (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).
A Kabbalistic Charm or Magickal Formula. Traditionally said to be used to reduce sickness, particularly effective for toothaches, It was worn on a Talisman around the neck inscribed as follows:

ABRACADABRA
 ABRACADABR
  ABRACADAB
   ABRACADA
    ABRACAD
     ABRACA
      ABRAC
       ABRA
        ABR
         AB
          A

It is believed that the Talisman worked through the dwindling of the word causing the dwindiling of the sickness. Some scholars believe the word originates from the Hebrew 'ab' (Father), 'ben' (Son) and 'ruach acadsch' (Holy Spirit), others disagree believing the word may have been the name of a Daemon of disease, whose influence was reduced with this ritualised banishing. Either way it reflects the belief that names influence the power of a thing.

Due to the exotic sound it has also become a 'magical mumbo-jumbo' word in stage magic.
Absorption: An antipsi talent for absorbing the power out of psychic energy fields, including those around other beings.

Achromatics:
The “colors” black, grey and white; used occasionally to refer to moralistic schools of occultism.

Active Ritual:
One in which those persons raising and focusing the psychic energies are not the main targets intended to be changed.

Active Talent:
A psychic talent that involves the discharge of energy or data from the agent to the target.

Adept
: One who is very skilled in magic or mysticism.

Afreet:
Terrifying Spirit of Islamic Lore, the second most powerful of the five classes of Jinn

Afterlife: Afterlife /n/ life after death. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary). People in Magickal Traditions have many different beliefs in the Afterlife, from Heaven, to The Summerlands, to Valhalla, Whatever their belief they have one belief in common - that an Afterlife does exist!

Agent: The person or animal exercising a psychic talents

Agnostic: Agnostic (ag-noss-tik) /n/ a person who believes that one can not know whether god exists. (see Athiest) [A + Greek ' gnostikos' knowing]. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Air: One of the main “elements” in occultism; associated in the West with thought, knowledge, yellow, blue, swords, activity, daring, light, communication, heat, dampness, etc.

Akasa or Akasha:
One of the “elements” in Indian and Tantric occultism, equivalent in most ways to the “ether” concept and/or that of “astral” matter. The Fifth Element of Creation. It is the unity of the other four Elements, Fire, Air, Water and Earth.

Akasic Records:
A concept in Indian metaphysics, of a gigantic repository of all the memories of every incarnation of every being; some gifted ones are said to be able to “read” these records (possibly through retrocognition or the clair senses) and to gain data about past events. See Switchboard.   

Alchemy: Alchemy (alka-mee) /n/ 1. a medieval science which attempted to change ordinary metals into gold. 2. any strange or magical process, change etc. Word Family: alchemist, /n/ a person practices alchemy. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)

Allah: Allah /n/ the Moslem name for god, the supreme ruler and creator of the universe. [Arabic 'a-ilah' the god]. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Allopathy:
  Allopathy (a-loppa-thee) /n/ the usual method of treating diseases using substances which produce effects different from those of the disease being treated. (see Homeopathy) [Greek 'allos' other + 'pathos' suffering].  (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).


Almanac: Almanac (alma-nak) /n/ (also spelt Almanack) a yearly calendar giving information about the sun, moon, tides etc. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Alomancy:
Divination by means of Salt. This Ancient Technique was performed by casting a handful of salt onto a fire and the resultant flames are scrutinized for signs or messages.

Altar: Altar (awl-ta) /n/ a raised structure where sacrifices are offered or religious rites are performed. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)An area or surface (often raised) built or designed exclusively for magickal or religous workings and ritual.

Alternative Lifestyle:
A mode of living which differs significantly from the "mainstream" society’s prescribed beliefs, affiliations, values, or practices. People who live an alternative lifestyle often gather with others who share their preferences; they may or may not retain close contact with the larger society. Many religions, including Paganism, fall into this category.

Amber: Amber /n/ 1. Geology: the yellowish, reddish or brown fossilized reson of coniferous trees, used in jewellery. 2. an orange to yellowish-brown colour. [Arabic 'anbar' ambergris] (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)
Traditionally worn by The High Priestess of Wiccan Covens in a necklace alternated with Jet as symbolic of her Status.

Ambrosia:
Ambrosia (am-bro-zee-a) /n/ 1. Greek Mythology: Food of the Gods. 2. anything delightfully pleasing or delicious to taste or smell. [Greek 'ambrotos' immortal]. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)

Amen:
Amen (ahmen or aymen) /intj/ a word meaning 'so be it', usually said at the end of a prayer. [Hebrew , certainly or true]. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)

Amplification: A psi or antipsi talent for boosting the power levels of psychic energy fields.
    
Amulet:
Amulet, /amyoolit/ n l. an ornament worn as a charm. 2. something thought to give protection. (Oxford Complete Wordfinder).
Amulet, (am-yoo-lit) /n/ an ornament or charm believed to protect the wearer from misfortune. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)

There is some dispute as to the origins of the word Amulet. Some believe the word originated from the Greek 'amylon' meaning; food, others believe it is from the Latin 'amuletum' meaning; method of defense or 'amolire' meaning; to ward off.

Whatever the origins it is generally understood that an Amulet is a 'found object of natural origins', such as a rock, feather, tooth or a leather pouch containing a group of such objects which provide a form of passive protection. Amulets are natural objects which differ in some extraordinary manner and thought to be a gift or sign from one's Totems, Spirits or the Gods. Some examples of this may be a stone found in a place it is not usually found, of a colour it does not normally occur in, in it's natural state or formed in a shape of significance to it's finder (such as the holed stones significant to Goddess worshippers).

In some Traditions organic Amulets such as fruits, berries, plants and flesh are popular, some uses are Garlic to ward against negative energies (the use against vampires in folklore follows this tradition), Ivy, Holly and Oak to represent the Deities, the eating or carrying of bull's testicales for masculine fertility, often these magickal uses correspond with the medicianal qualities of the object, sometimes it is a symbolic connection.

Amulets are known in virtually every Culture and Tradition world wide and are still used by even the most 'sophisticated' of cultures. In our modern society the carrying of a rabbits foot or four leaf clover or nailing a horseshoe outside the home for good luck,  .

The uses of both Talismans and Amulets are often similar and it can be difficult to distinguish between the two. The simplest method to determine the difference is, if the object is natural it is an Amulet, if man made it's a Talisman.

Today there is some dispute over the choice to buy object for use as an Amulet, some members of the Magickal community feel that to purchase an object negates any benefits of the object, and that an object is only truely an Amulet if it is found. However there are those who believe it is quite reasonable to purchase an object and to charge it with a specific intention. The choice is up to the practitioner however should an Amulet be bought, the price should be paid willingly, and without doubts.


Angel:
A personification of what we consider good or pleasant. In theology, a being just below the main god(s) in power for good. In some magical systems, a sort of “psychic robot.”

Ancestors: Ancestor (an-sesta) /n/ a person from whom descent can be traced through either of one's parents. Word family: ancestral (an-sess-tr'l) /adj/ ancestrally /adv/. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)

Angelology: Medieval science of studying angels.

Anglican Church:
Anglican Church /n/ The national religion of England, with branches in other countries, which separated from the Roman Catholic Church in the 16th century, and which has both Catholic and Protestant characteristics. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)

Animal-Psi  or Anpsi: A little-used term for psychic phenomena involving the interactions of animals with humans, each other and the environment.

Animism:
Animism (anni-mizm) /n/ the belief that all beings and objects have a soul. Word Family: animist /n/; animistic /adj/. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary). The belief that everything is alive. The Law of Personification taken as a statement of universal reality rather than as one of psychic convenience.

Ankh:
(Angk) The most famous Egyptian hieroglyphic, the Ankh symbolises life, love and reincarnation. It is shaped like a cross with a loop on top.

Arcana:
Half of a tarot deck  which is divided into two aracanas:  the major arcana consisting of the 22 trumps of importance and the lesser arcana of 56 suit cards that help to divinate the trump cards to a lesser degree.
    
Astrology:
The belief and study of the effects of the movements and placements of planets and other heavenly bodies have on the lives and behavior of human beings.  Please see our Astrology section.

Anthropomorphic:
Anthropomorphic (an-throppa-morfik) /adj/ attributing something which is non-human, such as a god, with human characteristics. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)

Anthropomancy: Divination from human entrails.

 

Anti-Psi or Antipsi: A categorical term for several genuine psychic talents that (for the most part) serve to frustrate, avoid, confuse, destroy or otherwise interfere with the operation of normal psi; they can affect the power and/or information content and/or vector of psi fields within range.

Aphrodisiac: Aphrodisiac (afra-dizzi-ak) /n/ any food, drink or drug arousing sexual desire. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)

Aphrodite: Aphrodite (afra-die-tee) /n/ Greek Mythology: the Goddess of beauty, fertility and sexual love, identified with the Roman Goddess Venus. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)

Apollo:
Apollo /n/ Greek Mythology: the god of youth, light, archery. healing. prophecy and music. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)


Apopsi or Avoidance: An antipsi power that appears to generate an energy field into which no external psi field can penetrate; may work through transmutation, retuning or aportation; may interfere with internal psi fields as well.

Apparition: Apparition (appa-rish'n) /n/ a sudden or frightening vision, especially of a ghost. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)

Apple:
Apple /n/ a round fruit with a crisp, firm flesh and a green, yellow or red skin. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)
The Fruit of Life, associated with Avalon (The Apple Isle), when cut through the middle containing  5 seeds in the shape of a pentagram.

Aportation:
A PK talent involving the seemingly instantaneous movement of an object from one location in space-time to another, apparently without going through the normal space-time in between. See Teleportation.

Arcane: Arcane /adj/ secret or mysterious [Latin 'arcanus' hidden]. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)

Archangel:
Archangel (ark-ane-j'l) /n/ an angel of the highest rank. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)

Archetype: (1) Original astral form of a phenomenon; (2) In the psychology of C. G. Jung, an inherited idea or mode of thought derived from the experiences of the species and present in the unconscious of the individual who picks it up from the collective unconscious of the species. (3) Archetype (arki-tipe) /n/ a first, perfect type or form from which copies, usually inferior, may be made. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)

Arithmancy: Based upon mathematical calculations, Arithmancy [Greek 'arithmo' number + 'mancy' prophecy] has been used for over two thousand years. More commonly known as Numerology, Arithmancy is based upon the concept that a person's name and birth date contains clues to their destiny and character through the numbers 1 - 9 each of which has a unique meaning.  Complex systems were developed to analyse each person's destiny through numbers, these systems were divided into several categories including 'Character number', 'Heart number' and  'Social number'.

The first step is is to convert the name to a numerical value, using the following chart (this example is back from before I was married and uses my maiden name):

1     2     3     4      5     6     7     8    9 
A    B     C    D     E     F     G    H    I
J    K     L    M     N    O     P    Q    R
S    T     U    V     W    X    Y    Z  


e.g.     KELLY BRADSHAW = 2+5+3+3+7+2+9+1+4+1+8+1+5 = 51, 5+1 = 6

This number is known as the Character number, this refers to the general personality type.

To work out the Heart number, which refers to the desires and fears kept hidden from others,  the total of all vowels is worked out as follows:

e.g. E Y A A = 5+7+1+1 = 14, 1+4 + 5

To work out the Social number, which refers to the face shown to the outside world, the total of all consonants is worked out as follows:

e.g. K LL BRDSHW = 2+3+3+2+9+4+1+8+5 = 37,  3+7 = 10, 1+0 = 1

Once each of these numbers has been totaled the person's positive and negative personality traits can be found using the following numerical system, which is based in part on the ideas of Pythagoras.
  1. One: Solitary - the number of the individual, independent, focused, single minded, determined, self-centered, egotistical and domineering. Leaders and innovators fall into this category, they are not likely to work well with others, or to take orders well and are often loners.  (Kelly's Social number)
  2. Two: Duality - the number of balance, interaction, communication, cooperation, imaginative, creative, peace harmony, commitment, loyalty, fairness, also conflict, opposing forces, contrasts. They can be withdrawn, moody, self-conscious and indecisive.
  3. Three: Completeness - This was considered by Pythagoras to be the first 'complete' number, with a beginning, middle and end. It also represents the three phases of life, past, present, future; birth, death, rebirth; mind, body spirit.  Indicates talent, energy, artistic nature, humour, social ease, lucky, easy-going, rich, successful, also easily offended, unfocused and superficial.
  4. Four: Foundation - the number of stability, firmness, hard work, practical, reliable, down-to-earth, logic, reason, organisation, predictable, also, stubborn, suspicious, practical, angry-outbursts. It also doubles the conflicts of a two.
  5. Five: imbalance - the number of instability, change, uncertainity, adventurous, energetic, risk-taker, traveller, gypsy, also conceited, irresponsible, quick to anger and impatient. (Kelly's Heart number)
  6. Six: Perfection - Pythagoras regarded six as the perfect number because it is divisable by both 2 and 3 and is the sum as well as the product of the first three numbers (1+2+3 = 6; 1 X 2 X 3 = 6). the number of harmony, friendship, family, lovable, reliable, loving, loyal, teachers, arts, also gossip and complacency. (Kelly's Destiny number)
  7. Seven: Mystical - the number of perception, understanding, hard work, challenges, serious, scholarly, originality, imagination, also pessimistic, sarcastic, and insecure.
  8. Eight: Unpredictability - the number of great success or ultimate failure, practical, ambitious, commited, hardworking, also jealous, greedy, domineering and power hungry.
  9. Nine: Completion - Pythagoras considered nine to be the complete number, three expressed three times (3 x 3 = 9). the number of achievement, teaching, science, humanitarian, determined, tireless, inspiration, also arrogant, and conceited.

Arithmancy can also determine an individuals 'lucky days' a two personality for instance would schedual events on even numbered days. It can also determine relationships of other things often called 'hidden kinships' for example anything with a name can be reduced to a number, such as the name of towns, types of cars, or even other people. The best balance is achieved when the numbers resonate together, such as a two driving a two car or being romantically compatiable with another two.

Asceticism: A method of altering the state of one’s consciousness through the avoidance of comfort and pleasure; when extreme, may become masochism.

Aspect, Astrological:
An angle formed between two items on an astrological chart.

Assimilation:
A technique of psychic healing involving the picking up of a patient’s pain and/or illness by the healer, who experiences it personally for a short time, after which it is supposed to vanish in both patient and healer; may also be done accidentally.

Association:
Connection or correlation between two or more objects, ideas or beings; thus forming a pattern.

Association, Law of:
“If any two or more patterns have elements in common, the patterns interact ‘through’ those common elements and control of one pattern facilitates control over the other(s), depending (among other factors) upon the number of common elements involved.”

Astral Planes:
Subjectively real “places” where some astral projectors perceive themselves as traveling; said to be multiple “levels” of (a) material density in the same space, and/or (b) awareness and concentration.

Astral Projection:
An OOBE or Psi talent that may involve traveling GESP with the image of a body and/or the separation of a “less dense” body from the normal physical one.

Astrology:
Astrology (a-strolla-jee) /n/ the study of the possible influence of the stars on human events. Word Family: astrologer /n/. astrological (astra-loji-k'l) /adj/; astrologically, /adv/.(Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)

Astrology and Astronomy both emerged in Ancient Babylon approx 7000 years ago, [Greek 'astron' star]. The Babylonians attributed meanings and Godhood to the planets based upon their appearance, for example Mars - fiery and red, became associated with war and bloodshed, and was given the name of Nergal (Ares in Ancient Greece and Mars in Ancient Rome). At this time only the five visable planets were knwon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn, these along with the Sun and Moon were belived to revolve around the Earth - the center of the universe.

The Babylonians corresponded what they saw in the heavens with events on Earth - earthquakes, floods, bumper crops - all natural events were believed to be influenced by or to reflect events happening on the Earth. Therefore in it's most basic form Astrology was considered to be a form of divination.

This began to change in the 5th century BCE when the Zodiac became a fixed 'science' and Astrologers began to cast personal horoscopes for individuals instead of for the population at large. (The zodiac consisted of 12 constellations) The Ancient Egyptians and Greeks became fascinated by astrology in the 3rd Century BCE and devised complex procedures for determining an individuals horoscope. These procedures were linked to both magic and medicine, believing that the stars affected all physical things from people, to events to rocks.

Each sign in the zodiac was believed to influence a different set of correspondences, including parts of the body, plants, crystals, herbs, etc. It was therefore necessary for a physicain to be aware of astrology in order to be able to treat a patient. Magicians also needed to know astrology to cast spell, conduct experiments or make talismans.

From Ancient Greece astrology spread to Rome where it became a widely accepted divination tool to add to the numerous other methods already avaliable. During the middle ages universities in England France and Italy taught astrology. Most Kingdoms employed a court astrologer (Queen Elizabeth I, had the Astrologer and Mathematician John Dee, to advise her. He even chose a date for her corination, according to the influence of the planets of her birth. In France Nostradamus performed similar roles for Queen Catherine de Medici. Pope Urban VIII hired an astrologer in 1629 against church opinion to counter the effect of a series of eclipses).

The scientific revolution soon began to take its toll on astrology, when in 1542, Copernicus stated that the Sun, not the Earth was the center of the solar system. However regardless of the changing face of science astrology has remained one of the most popular forms of divination, despite holding none of the intellectual respectability it once held in ancient times.

The Zodiac is as follows:

Aries the Ram: March 21 - April 19.
Taurus the Bull: April 20 - may 20.
Gemini the Twins: May 21 - June 20.
Cancer the Crab: June 21 - July 22.
Leo the Lion: July 23 - August 22.
Virgo the Virgin: August 23 - September 22.
Libra the Scales: September 23 - October 22.
Scorpio the Scorpion: October 23 - November 22.
Sagittarius the Archer: November 23 - December 21.
Capricorn the Goat: December 22 - January 19.
Aquarius the Water bearer: January 20 - February 18.
Pisces the Fish: February 19 - March 20.

Astronomy: Astronomy (a-stronna-mee) /n/ the study of the planets and stars, their movements, relative positions and compositions. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)


Athame:
(AH-tha-may or Ath-ay-mee)Ritual dagger used by Neopagan Witches, borrowed by Gerald Gardner from medieval grimoires. Probably was originally “athane.” Most often associated with the element of air, though some traditions attribute it to fire. The handle is traditionally black or of natural wood.

Atheist: Atheist (ay-thee-ist) /n/ a person who does not believe in the existence of god or gods.(Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)

Atomic Psychokinesis or APK: Psychokinesis done upon the molecular, atomic or subatomic levels; a subcategory of PK.

Augur: Augur (awga) /n/ any prophet or soothsayer. augur /v/ to fortell or be a sign of. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)

Augury: Divination by means of whatever is most handy at the time.

Aura:
Aura (or-a) /n/ plural is auras or aurae (or-ee). A distinct air or atmosphere surrounding something [Greek, breath]. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary). One or more energy fields supposedly generated by and surrounding all beings and many objects; those persons blessed with clairvoyance or other psychic talents can “read” the patterns of energy and determine information about the person or object. See Kirlian Photography.

Auspicy:
Auspice (aws-pis) /n/ plural is auspices (aws-pi-seez) 1. (usually plural) any help or patronage. 2. a favourable omen [Latin 'auspicium' divination]. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary)


Axiomancy:
Divination by means of an axe, also known as axinomancy. The method used by the Ancient Greeks intailed using a semi precious stone such as an agate, placed on a red hot axe blade and carefully observed, the movement indicated a guilty person. Other Divinations include driving the axe into wood and examining the resultant marks to gain answers, or throwing an axe into water and establishing an answer by the sinking or floating of the axe.

B

Bacchus: Bacchus /n/ Roman Mythology: the god of wine and fertility. Bacchanalia (bakka-naylian) /adj/  drunken, wild and unrestrained, like the festivals in honour of Bacchus. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Balefire: A synonymous word of 'Bonfire', a balefire is a communal bonfire of the sabbats, most notably used at Beltane, Litha and Lughnassadh. A true Balefire is made up from a combination of wood from certain trees.
    
Bane:
Bane:  Bane /n/ 1. an old word for poison. 2. anything which causes ruin or death. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary). A negative force or energy. Another word for 'in opposition'.
    
Banish:
The removal of negative energy or force. To rid the presence of unwanted entities.

Banshee: Banshee /n/ Scottish and Irish Mythology: a supernatural being, believed to wail around a house if someone is about to die. [Irish 'bean sidhe' a woman of the fairies]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Irish Folklore: Banshee's are not the evil creatures they are often supposed to be, Banshee actually means bean si - 'woman of the hills' - a female spirit. However the haunting cry of a Banshee is a dreaded and terrifying event. Each Banshee is associated with one particular family, appearing only when a member of that family is about to die.

Traditionally the banshee is seen as a red eyed (from all her mourning crying), tall thin woman with long flowing white hair, wearing a tattered green dress covered by a dark grey hooded cloak. However each individual Banshee may appear to members of a particular family in different forms.

The banshee is said to present their grisly news in several ways, they may wander through and around the home of the family crying and wailing their death song, they may appear to the person soon to die to impart the knowledge of their upcoming death, or may be seen at a nearby river washing the clothes of the soon to be deceased - in this form she is known as the 'Washer at the Ford'.

It is said that only those families who can trace their linage back to the Middle Age Irish Heroes have a Banshee, those whose last names began with 'O' or 'Mac'. As the Banshee follows it's family anywhere, the Banshee's have in modern times been heard as far afield as England, America and Australia - anywhere the Irish families may have settled.

The most well known traditional Banshee visitation was in 1014, when Aibhill - Banshee of the O' Brien linage, appeared to King Brian Boru the night before he left for the Battle of Clontarf, washing the bloody clothes of the soldiers.

In another account from the seventeenth century, a banshee was described by a guest on an Irish estate as ' a woman leaning into the window, with red hair and a pale ghostly complexion'.

Baptism: Baptism /n/ Religion:  a ritual; washing or bath, especially as a sign of spiritual rebirth, purification or initiation. Baptize, Baptise /v/ (also called to Christen) to perform the ritual of baptism. [Greek 'baptizein' to dip]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Baptist:
Baptist /n/ Christian: a member of any Protestant sect teaching that only adult believers should be baptised. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Barmitzvah: Barmitzvah (bar-mits-vah) /n/ a) a Jewish boy of thirteen who assumes adult status by taking on moral and religious responsibilites. b) the service and celebration associated with this. (see also Batmizvah) [Hebrew 'bar mitzvah' son of the commandment]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Basilisk:
Basilisk /adj/ Mythology: of a reptile whose look and breath were fatal. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

First described in 'Natural History' by Pliny the Elder, a Latin writer from the first century. He describes the Basilisk as a small ( no more than 12 inches) but lethal snake native to Northern Africa. Also known as the 'King of the Serpents [Greek 'basiliskos' little king] due to the crown-like markings on the head.

It is supposed that this legendary creature was actually the Egyptian King Cobra, with it's deadly venom, its crown -like markings and it's upright movement, from it's description a legendary creature was born.

The Basilisk is also described by other authors but the descriptions are as varied as the writers, from a venom spitting serpent to a huge dragon like beast, to a chimera with the head and wings of a rooster on the body of a snake.

Despite this difference in description the result of meeting a Basilisk is usually the same - death. The method by which one dies however, can not be agreed upon. Some authors report that the basilisk can kill simply by it's stare, others by it's deadly venom, and others by it's scorching breath.

The basilisk however was not invincible, it could be killed by luring it into a weasel's den and blocking all exits - the weasel's smell alone would kill the beast. Claudius Aelian a Roman writer advocated the crow a a rooster as the simplest death - the Basilisk on hearing the crow would go into convulsions and die.  The most common method to destroy the Basilisk was the use of a mirror, the serpent seeing it's own reflection would die of it's own gaze.


Batmizvah:
(bat-mits-vah) /n/ a) a Jewish girl of thirteen who assumes adult status by taking on moral and religious responsibilites. b) the service and celebration associated with this. (see also Barmizvah) [Hebrew 'bat mitzvah' daughter of the commandment]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Beelzebub: Beelzebub (bee-elza-bub) /n/ the devil [Hebrew 'ba'alzebub' lord of the flies].  (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Belief:
Belief (be-leef) /n/ 1. the feeling or confidence that something is real. 2. something which is taught or accepted as true. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Bell:
Bell /n/ 1. a) a hollow metal cup, usually with a tongue or hammer inside, which makes a ringing sound when hit. b) the sound made by a bell. 2. any device which produces a ringing sound. 3. something which is in the shape of a bell, such as a flared end of a brass musical instrument. 4. Nautical: the stroke of the bell that marks off each half hour of the watch, so that a four hour watch ends at eight bells. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Belomancy:
Divination by means of arrows, practiced in Ancient Sumeria, Babylon Scythia Arabia and others. A number of arrows with messages attatched are fired, the arrow that travelled the furthest was retrieved and the message attatched was accepted as the appropriate answer and acted upon. anther method was to letter arrows and the pattern in which they fell spelt out the appropriate answer.

Beltain: (Bell-tain) A grand sabbat also known as Walpurgis night, May Eve, Roodmas amongst others. Celebrates the symbolic union and mating of the goddess and the god. A time of fertility and growth. A very important day to most Pagan paths.  Please see Sabbats.     

Benediction: Benediction (benna-dik-sh'n) /n/ a grace or blessing. [Latin 'bene' well + 'dicto' a declaration]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Besom: (Beh-som)A witches broom used  to sweep a sacred area and in effect, purify the sacred space. Traditionally used in early fertility rites where brooms were 'ridden' over crops to enhance the coming bounty, with the chant - High, Higher, Highest! - to encourage the plants to grow tall and strong.

Bewitch: Bewitch /v/ to put a charm or magic spell on. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Bible: Bible 1. Christian: (capital) the sacred writings, consisting of the Old and New Testaments. 2. (informal) any text or book considered an authority [Greek 'biblos' book]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Biblomancy:
Divination by the means of books, particularly Sacred Texts, also known as 'sortes'. In Classical times and the Middles Ages Virgil's Aeneid ('sortes Vergiliance') was the favoured text. However today the Bible and the Koran (amongst others) are favoured. The technique involved in Bibliomancy requires the inquirer to frame a question either verbally or in the mind, then open the book at a random page and the selection of a random verse. The information contained within the particular verse or sentence is then considered to be the appropriate infomation for the enquirer.

A quite different use was placed upon the Bible (and Bibliomancy) during the middle ages when a guilty person was weighed against a Great Bible (the large community Bible kept in the local church) and if the person weighed heavier (which was more often than not the case) they were determined to be guilty!

Bind:
Bind /v/ to tie or secure. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Biocurrents: Electrochemical energy currents generated by living cells.

Biological Radio:
Russian termonology for telepathy.

Biophysics:
The physics of biological phenomena.
    
Bind:
Most often used to restrain one's self, another or a particular energy, using magick. May also be used to tie another or an energy to one's self.

Birth Stones: Birthstones are considered to bring luck to a person wearing the sympathetic stone corresponding to the month of their birth. Location, tradition and historical variations may be found, the following are the variations on modern standard birthstones lists;

January - Garnet
February - Amethyst
March - Aquamarine, Jasper, Bloodstone
April - Diamond, Sapphire
May - Emerald, Agate, Carnelian
June - Pearl, Moonstone
July - Ruby, Onyx, Tourquoise
August - Sardonyx, Peridot
September - Sapphire
October - Opal, Tourmaline, Beryl
November - Topaz
December - Tourquoise, Lapis Lazuli

Black Magic: A term used to refer to magic being done for “evil” (or negative) purposes or by people of whom the user of the term disapproves. Traditionally any form of magic done to another, or for another without the knowing and express approval of the person towards whom the magic is directed.

Blaspheme: Blaspheme (blas-feem) /v/ to speak disrespectfully about a deity or sacred things. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Bless:
Bless /v/ (blessed, blest, blessing) 1. to make or pronounce holy. 2. to ask divine favour for. 3. Christian: to make the sign of the cross. Blessed (blessid ot blest) /adj/ 1.a) holy or sacred. 2. (informal) a) damned. b) a word used for emphasis. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Blessed Be: A common phrase, used among Pagans as a greeting, a letter closing, or a statement of agreement. "Bright Blessings" appears in similar context. Although both phrases come from Wicca/Witchcraft they have spread into general use.

Blessing: Blessing /n/ 1. the words or ceremony used to bless. 2. anything which leads to happiness. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Blood: Blood (blud) /n/ 1. Biology: the red fluid, a mixture of cells and liquid plasma, pumped by the heart through the body. 2. a person's descent or ancestry. Blood /v./ 1. to cause to bleed. 2. to give hunting dogs their first taste of blood. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Blood Brother:
Blood Brother /n/ a person who has sworn brotherhood, especially by a ceremonial mingling of blood. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Brahmin: Brahmin /n/ 1. any breed of cattle with a humped back, bred from Indian zebus. 2. (capital) a member of the highest Hindu caste, originally priests. 3. an aloof intellectual. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Bolline: (Bowl-in) A curved knife, often with a white hilt, used for the magickal gathering of herbs and other natural reagents. In traditions where as the athame is seen a religious knife, the bolline is considered it's practical working sister.  

Bonding Control:
A PK talent involving the creation and/or alteration of bonding patterns on the intermolecular, interatomic and subatomic levels; thus causing disintegration or cohesion. See Geller Effect.

Book of Shadows:
A wytche's personal book of references where all magickal dates, information, times, aspects, formulas and spells are enscribed.  Often a Coven will have a 'standard' Book of Shadows which all members copy from, then adapt by adding their own personal information. One of the most important tools as it is used as a reference as well as used to hand down important information within a Coven.. Also known as a grimoire.   

Boomerang Curse:
Spell designed to make an attacker suffer the effects of whatever hostile magic they may have launched at the user; a variation of the “mirror effect,” probably operates through reddopsi.

Bronze Age: Bronze Age, a period in man's history between the Stone Age and the iron Age, when tools and weapons were first made of bronze. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Broomstick:
Broom /n/ 1. a long handled brush for sweeping floors. 2. a European shrub with small leaves and yellow flowers. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

During the Middle Ages, when the belief in witchcraft was widespread in Europe (1450-1600) witches were reported to fly by numerous methods, from riding goats, sheep, dogs, oxen, wolves as well as astride sticks, shovels, pitchforks, staves, broomsticks eventually became the understood method of a witch getting from home to their coven meetings. Historically it was only woman who were seen astride a broom, men were considered to ride pitchforks, the reasons behind these differences may relate to the traditional roles of women as homemakers and men as the tenders of fields.

The 'Malleus Malificarum' (Hammer of the witches), a guide for witch hunters, considered flying to be an incontestable fact. However some scholars believed it was the drug induced hallucinations of 'flying ointment' which was the explanation for witches believing they could fly.

Brownie:
Brownie /n/ 1. Folklore: a small firendly elf or goblin. (Heinemann Aust. Dict
Buddhism: Buddhism (bud-izm) a religion stressing that human existence is pain, caused by desire, which may be overcome by contemplation and a right way of life. [Sanskrit 'Buddha' the enlightened one, the title given to a 6th century BCE
Indian teacher on whose ideas Buddhism is based]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Bunyip:
Bunyip /n/ Aboriginal Mythology: a monster said to inhabit streams and swamps. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

(The) Burning Times: A reference of time between approximately 1500 B.C.E.  and the 1600's where many millions of people were murdered by the Christian church for being 'heretics'. Their possessions and assets seized at death, the Christian church, and other members of the community often profited from the killings of so-called 'witches'.

C

Caliph: Calliph (kallif) /n/ (also spelt calif) a Moslem religious and civil leader believed to be a successor to Mohammed. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Call:
Call /v/ 1. a) to utter loudly or clearly. 2. to demand the presence of. 3. to pay a visit. 4. to give name to. call /n/ the act of calling. 2. the sound of calling. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Calvinist:
Calvinist /n/ a follower of a religious movement which emphasises strict church discipline, the theory of predestination and the sinfulness of man. Word Family: Calvinism /n/ the beliefs or practices of Calvinists.  Calvinistic, Calvinistical /adj/ . [After John Calvin' 1504-64, on whose system of theology the movement is based]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Cape:
Cape /n/ (also called a mantle) a short, sleeveless cloak fastened at the neck and hanging around the shoulders, often attached to a coat. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Cardinal Points: Cardinal Points , the four main directions of the compass, north, south, east and west. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Cartomancy: Divination through the use of cards, especially Tarot Cards.

Casting Runes:
(1) Divination through the use of small objects which have been inscribed with runic letters. (2) A method of focusing or firing a spell through the carving or writing of runes.

Cat: Cat /n/ 1.  a small domesticated animal kept as a pet. 2. any of a family of flesh-eating mammals, including lions, tigers etc. 3. a gossipy, spiteful woman. 4 (informal) a cat-o'-nine-tails. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

The ancient Egyptians were the first to keep cats as pets, they were however more than pets, the Ancient Egyptians worshipped the cat as the manifest form of Bastet. Bastet was usually portrayed as a woman with the head of a cat, she personified fertility and healing. In the temples of Bast the cats were pampered, they were fed fish, bread and milk. The caretakers of the temple cats had high status in the community. Cat coffins have been found in Egyptian temples dating back to 2400 BCE (the eleventh dynasty). Other Egyptian Deities were also associated with cats including Pasht and Elurus.

The Egyptians had witnessed the cats killing vipers, the traditional symbol of Seth (personification of evil), and they protected the granaries, an important source of food.

Eventually the cat came to be considered a God in itself and it became a crime punishable by death to kill a cat even by accident! When the family cat died (of natural causes) the whole family shaved their eyebrows of as a sign of mourning. The cat was then mummified and buried in a special cat cemetery. In 1888 an Egyptian farmer unearthed one such cemetery, containing 3000,000, 2000 year old cats.

In the sixteen century the cat became associated with witchcraft, they were believed to be either a witch in disguise or a witch's familiar. In England cats were sometimes considered as a Fey, a creature of the spirits worlds. In Scotland people would refuse to speak in front of a cat believing that it would then be able to return to it's owner and impart the information it had overheard. It was believed that a witch had the ability to transform into a cat, but that she could only do it nine times, once for each life.

It was also believed that cats had the ability to astral travel with their witch companions and would lead them to spiritual knowledge. Cats were associated with the feminine principle regardless of their individual sex.

Cats were considered to be possesed of magical abilities of their own, from clairvoyance, to forecasting the weather, to conversing with other creatures.

Folklore surrounding the cat is numerous the following is some superstitions associated with cats:
  • Rain is expected when cats become frisky, or if it washes it's ears.
  • Guests are expected when a cat trims its whiskers, but id it stretches it's paws to the fire strangers are coming calling.
  • A cat sneezing near a bride denotes a happy marriage.
  • A cat sneezing three times means colds for everyone in the house.
  • Black cats are considered bad luck in America, but good luck in England, and in Wales it is considered luckiest to keep both a coal black and snow white cat together.
  • In Elizabethan times it was thought that brindled cats (tabby) were those associated with witches.
  • If a cat jumps over the coffin at a funeral the copse will become a vampire unless the cat is caught and killed.
  • A cat on board a ship will predict the weather, if it is caged the ship will run into unfavourable weather.

Catapsi: An antipsi talent for the generation of strong fields of psychic static, frequently at such high intensity that all other psi fields within range are disrupted and/or drowned out, usually with the information content of those fields collapsing first.

Cathedral: Cathedral (ka-thee-dr'l) /n/ Christian: the principle church in a diocese, containing the bishops throne. [Greek 'kathedra' chair]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Catholic: Catholic (katha-lik) /adj/ 1. universal. 2. liberal or wide ranging. 3. Christian: (capital) a) of or relating to the whole Church. b) of the Western or Roman Church as distinct from the Eastern or Greek Church. Catholic /n/ (capital) a member of the Roman Catholic Church. [Greek 'katholikos' universal]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Cauldron:
Cauldron (kawl-dr'n) /n/ a large pot for cooking. [Latin 'calidarium' a hot bath]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Early cauldrons were made from copper, bronze, pewter, stone and later of cast iron. In the middle ages the cauldron was the central feature of every home's hearth. It was used for cooking, brewing medicines, washing and dyeing clothes, amking soap and candles, transporting both water and fire. A single cauldron was often used in a family for all these purposes.

The Ancient Celts kept offerings of gold and silver jewellery which was placed in a cauldron then sunk in water to please their Gods. The famous Gundestop cauldron which was discovered in a peat bog in 1891 was made of silver and features depictions of the Cetic Gods, plants and animals.

The most common association, dating back to ancient times,  of the cauldron is with that of witches. In Grecian mythology Medea used a cauldron to mix a healing potion to cure her aging father in law, and restore him to his youth.

The most famous literary cauldron is that belonging to the three witches in Shakespear's Macbeth, with the incantation 'double, double, toil and trouble, fire burn and cauldron bubble' and a mix of dragon scale, wolf's tooth, lizard's leg, eye of newt and toe of frog, they called forth three spirits to give Macbeth prophecies.

In Irish, Celtic and Welsh mythology the cauldron is considered to be an object of magical power over life itself. The cauldron is veiwed as the doorway to the otherworld and to rebirth.

Many legends are associated with holders of magical cauldrons. Bran had a cauldron with the power to bring back the dead, Pwyll, Lord of the Underworld had a cauldron which could grant immortality. The Goddess Cerridwen brewed a potion for her son which Gwydion drank, giving him all the knowedge of the universe - he later became The Merlin. Demeter uses her cauldron to try to give Demophon immortality, The Nordic cauldron 'Odhrerir' contained the draught of poets made by the dwarves, which could impart ancient wisdom and occult knowledge. Dagda owned an inexhaustable cauldron. and the Cauldron of Annwen is considered blessed with the power to discriminate and will refuse to provide for a coward.

Often replaced by the cup or chalice in ritual, this tool is sometimes used for making brews or magickal potions, it may also be used as a substitute firepit in some traditions. Its symbolizes the womb of the Goddess.   

Cause and Effect, Law of:
“If exactly the same actions are done under exactly the same conditions, they will usually be associated with exactly the same ‘results”

Celebrate: Celebrate (sella-brate) /v/ 1. to hold a ceremony or other festivity. 2. to praise. [Latin 'celebrare' to make widely known]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary)

Cellular Psychokinesis or CPK: A subcategory of PK, involving the use of what is probably several different APK talents in order to psychically affect the structure and behavior of living organisms, working primarily on the cellular level.

Celtic:
(Kel-tik) Of or for the old subfamily of the Indo-European language family comprised of the peoples of England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Brittany and some teutonic lands.
    
Censer:
A ritual tool used for burning incense during spell workings and ritual.   

Centaur: Centaur (sentaw) /n/ Greek Mythology: a creature with the head and upper body of a man and the lower body and legs of a horse. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Centre or Center, The: Point of intersection of various planes or modes of existence, including space and time, and which can be used for (at least subjective) transportation between them.

Ceremonial: Ceremonial (serra-mo-nee-ul) /adj/ relating to formal or ritual occasions, etc.(Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Ceremonial Magic: Schools or methods of magic which place their emphasis upon long and complex rituals, especially of the Medieval and later European traditions; often degenerates into ritualism.

Ceremony: Ceremony (serra-mo-nee) /n/ the formal behaviour or set of acts performed on certain sacred or important occasions [Latin 'caerimonia' reverence]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).
    
Chakra: One of the seven major energy centers in the human body.  These are at the third eye, head, throat, chest, navel, abdomen and groin. These are the psychic centers of power associated with different parts of the human body in Tantric systems of anatomy.

Chalice: Chalice (challis) /n/ 1. Christian: a sacred vessel like a large goblet, used in religious services to hold communion wine. 2. a poetic word for a drinking cup. [Latin 'calix' cup]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary) A ritual tool used in libation, this feminine principle tool represents the element water and the west. Associated with the Cauldron.

Chant: Chant /n/ 1. the music to accompany the singing of psalms. 2. a monotonous, singsong speaking voice. Chant /v/ 1. to sing. 2. to speak in a singsong manner [Latin 'cantare' to sing]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Chapel:
Chapel /n/ a) a room or building, other than a church, used for worship. b) a section of a large church or cathedral having it's own altar. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Charm:
Charm /n/ 1. a) a magic formula or spell. b) any object worn or carried because it is believed to have magic powers. 2. a trinket worn on a bracelet. 3. the power or quality of attracting or pleasing. Word Family: charm /v/ a) to act on with or as if by magic. b) to please or attract greatly. charming /adj/ delightful. charmingly /adv/; charmer /n/ a person or thing who charms. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Cherubim:
Cherub (cher-rub) /n/ 1. an angel, often pictures as a child with wings. (Plural is cherubim). 2. a chubby faced child b) a well behaved child (plural is cherubs). (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Chimera
: Chimera (kie-meera) /n/ (also spelt chimaera) an unreal or fanciful idea or image. [after 'chimaera', a monster in Greek Mythology]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Christ:
Christ /n/ (also called Jesus) a religious teacher, living in Israel about 2000 years ago, who preached universal love; the founder of Christianity. [Greek 'khristos' anointed]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Christen:
(kriss'n) /v/ a) to baptise. b) to give a name to, especially at a baptism. [Old English 'cristnian' to make Christian]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).
References:

Christian:
Christian (kris-ch'n) /adj/ 1. of or relating to Christ and the religion based on his teachings. 2. kind or humane. Word Family: Christian /n/; Chritianity (kristi-anni-tee) /n/ the Christian religion or beliefs. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Christian Scientist:
Chritian Scientist /n/ a member of the religious scet founded in America in the 19th century by Mary Baker eddy, emphasising the need for pure goodness and believeing that disease may be cured by spiritual methods, especially the mental effect of the patient's Christian faith. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Church:
Church /n/ Christian: a) a building for public worship or service. b) (capital) the whole community of believers or any branch or denomination within it. 2. relating to religious or ecclesiastical matters. [Greek 'kyriakon' (house) of the Lord 'kyrios']. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Church of England:
Church of England /n/ (also called the Anglican Church) the national religion of england, with branches in other countries, which separated from the Roman Catholic Church in the 16th Century and which has both Catholic and Protestant characteristics. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Churinga:
Churinga /n/ a ceremonial amulet worn by Aboriginals. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Circle: Circle (sir-c'l) /n/ 1. a closed, round plane figure formed by a moving point which is always the same distance from it's center. 2. any object, arrangement path etc. in the shape of a circle. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary). (3) Sacred space where all Magickal rituals and workings are performed. The circle not only 'protects' the practitioner from outside energies but contains the working energies within.

Circlet: Circlet (sirklet) /n/ 1. a small circle or ring. 2. a decorative band worn on the head, neck or arm. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Circuit:A pattern or connection between whole or partial metapatterns within the Switchboard; often may be (or be associated with) an archetype, deity or other spirit.

Circumcise: Circumcise (sirk'm-size) /v/ to remove the foreskin of the penis, often a religious rite, as in Islam and Judaism. [Latin 'circum' around all sides + 'caedere' to cut]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Clairaudience: ESP input associated with hearing, without the medium of another mind.

Clairgustance:
ESP input associated with taste, without the medium of another mind.

Clairolfaction:
ESP input associated with smell, without the medium of another mind or of a cosmetics company.

Clair Senses:
General term for all the forms of ESP that start with the prefix “Clair-.”

Clairtangency:
ESP input associated with touch, without the medium of another mind.

Clairvoyance:
ESP input associated with sight, without the medium of another mind; often used as a term for clair senses, psychometry and/or precognition. See Remote Viewing.

Clan: Clan /n/ 1. Anthropology: a social group descended in either the male or female line from a real or supposed common ancestor. 2. a large family or group of related families. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Classification: Association of some phenomenon into a predetermined pattern or class of phenomena.

Clergy: Clergy (klerjee) /n/ those who are trained and ordained as priests or ministers. Word Family: Clergyman, cleric /n/ a member of the clergy. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Cleric: A person who uses both passive and active talents and rites for both thaumaturgical and theurgical purposes, for personal and public benefit.

Cloak: Cloak /n/  a long, loose piece of clothing without sleeves, usually fastened at the neck and worn over clothes. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Consecration: The Ritual blessing an object or person to purify and empower with a particular energy.  

Cold Control
: The use of temperature control to freeze or thaw objects or beings.    

Colour:
An interpretation of the ways in which photons hit your eyes; one way to see the difference between two objects of identical size, shape, distance and illumination.

Colour Classifications
: Sets of associations between various colors and particular concepts, interests or acts.

Computer:
A network of electronic gates and memories that processes data; an unimaginative but very logical problem solving machine; a magnificent slave and miserable ruler; a great tool and toy for any technologically oriented occultist.

Commune: Commune (k'mew'n) /v/ to talk together. Commune (kom-yoon) /n/ 1. a local community having a degree of self-government, but subject to central control. 2. a group of people who share property and tasks, living together by their own rules and standards. (Also called a collective). (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Communion:
Communion (k'mewn-y'n) /n/ 1. a sharing or exchange of thoughts or feelings. 2. (capital) the Eucharist, short from of Holy Communion. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Cone of Power: Term for the focusing of a group’s magical energies, visualized as a cone of psychic power based upon a ritual circle containing the participants (who are usually Neopagan or Feminist Witches). There is some confusion among various groups as to what exactly should be done with the energies at the moment of “firing.”

Consecration: Consecrate (konsi-krate) /v/ to dedicate to a special or sacred purpose. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Contagion, Law of: “Objects or beings in physical or psychic contact with each other continue to interact after spacial or temporal separation.”

Cornucopia: Cornucopia (kornew -ko-pee-a) /n/ any unlimited suppy. [Latin 'cornu' horn + 'copiae' of plenty, after the magical horn in Greek Mythology providing unlimited supplies of food etc.]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Cosmogony:
Cosmogony (koz_moja-nee) /n/ any theory of the origins of the universe. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Cosmology:
Cosmology (koz-molla-jee) /n/ the study of the nature, composition, origins and history of the universe. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Cosmos:
Cosmos /n/ the whole universe, seen as an organized system. [Greek 'kosmos' order, the world]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Coven: (Kuhv-en) A group of witches who work and rite together utilizing the greater empowerment of the sum of its members, as opposed to the power of those members added individually.   Containing both male and female members, traditionally a coven has 13 members but may contain any number of members. Coven: Other Pagan traditions may call their groups by different names. "Coven" and "circle" are both very popular among Eclectic Pagans. Druids usually say "grove" or "henge" instead. Asatru sometimes use "grange" or "stead."

Covenstead: 'Home' of the Coven, often a permanantly established area of worship such as a Grove or Temple.

Cowl:
Cowl /n/ 1. a) a long , loose robe with a hood, worn by monks. b) the hood of a monk's robe. 2. any hood shaped covering, such as those used on a chimney to increase the draught. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Craft, The: (1) Craft /n/ 1. a trade or art, especially one requiring skills. 2. cunning, skill or deceit. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary). (2) Old term used by Freemasons to refer to their activities and beliefs. (3) Current term used by Neopagan, Feminist and some other modern Witches to refer to their activities and beliefs.

Craft Name:
Pagans customarily choose, or receive as a gift, a special name which evokes their unique personality and/or powers. Some take a completely new name, while others choose a historic or ethnic version of their given name. People may use their craft names all the time, or only during ritual; some even go through a legal name change. Also called a Magickal Name.

Credo: Credo (kree-doe or Kray-doe) /n/ a creed. [Latin, I believe]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Creed:
Creed /n/ 1. Christian: a statement of the main beliefs, usually in a set form. 2. any system of beliefs, opinions etc. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Critique: A calm and unbiased evaluation of the structure and performance of a ritual, not usually done in American occult groups thanks to internal politics and delicate egos.

Crone: Crone /n/ an old woman. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Cross:
Cross /n/  (plural is crosses) 1. a mark or sign made by one line intersecting another. 2. a post with another piece of wood across it, on which people were executed in ancient times. 3. (capital) a) the cross used to execute Christ. b) the symbol of Christianity. 4. anything which is a combination of the qualities of two or more things. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Crow:
Crow (kro) /n/ a) any of a family of birds with shiny black feathers and a harsh voice. b) any of the various similar but unrelated Australian birds, such as the pied crow (magpie). (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Crystal Ball: Crystal (kriss-t'l) /n/ 1. ) a a clear mineral or glass similar to quartz. b) an object or objects made from this substance. 2 a substance which has a regular geometrical form. [Greek 'krystallos' ice]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Crystal Gazing:
Crystal-gazing /n/ the practice of looking into a crystal ball to try and see events, predict the future etc. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Crystallomancy: Divination through the use of (usually) spheres of quartz crystal, glass or plastic as focusing devices.

Cup: Cup /n/ 1. a small, open container with a handle usually used for drinking. 2. anything shaped like a cup, such as the round tin set into each hole on the golf links. 3.a) an ornamental cup used a a prize b) a competition with a cup for it's prize. 4. any mixture of drinks, usually a wine and spirits or juices. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Cupid:
Cupid (kew-pid) /n/ Roman Mythology: the god of love, the son of Venus. [Latin 'cupido' desire, passion]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Cult: Cult /n/ 1. a specific system of beliefs and ceremonies, usually directed towards an object or person believed to have magical or religious significance. (compare sect) 2. (informal) any group of people who hold strong beliefs. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary). Any secretive religious, magical, philosophical or therapeutic group of which the user of this term does not approve. See the Advanced Bonewits Cult Danger Evaluation Frame.

Culture: Culture (kultcher) /n/ 1. the distinctive practices and beliefs of a society. 2. the act or process of cultivating land, animals etc. 3. a development or improvement of the intellect or behaviour due to education, training or experience. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Curse: Curse (kerse) /n/ 1.a) a call or appeal to supernatural powers to bring harm or evil to another person. b) anything which produces harm or evil. 2. an obscene oath or blasphemy. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Cuneiform: Cuneiform (kewni-form) /n/ an early form of writing, consisting of wedge shaped symbols inscribed on clay or stone. [Latin 'cuneus' wedge + form]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Custom: Custom /n/ 1. a usual or generally accepted action, practice or form of behaviour. 2. (plural) a) the governemt organisation collecting taxes on objects brought into or out of a country b) the tax paid on such goods. 3. the regular customers of a shop or particular business. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Cybernetics: Comparative study of the autonomic control system formed by the brains and nervous systems of human and other animals, as well as electro-chemical-mechanical devices and communications systems.

Cyclops: Cyclops (sigh-klops) /n/ Greek Mythology: any of a race of giants with one eye in the centre of his forehead. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

D

Dactylogy: Finger signaling system of language (such as Ameslan) used by deaf and mute persons; can also be used as powerful mudras in rituals.

Dactylomancy:
Divination by means of finger movements upon tripods, planchettes, pendulums, Oui-Ja Boards, etc., or through the use of finger rings.

Daemon:
A “supernatural” spirit or being in ancient Greek religion and philosophy, far below the Gods in power for good, evil or neutral purposes; probably the actual sort of “demon” conjured by Goetic magicians.

Dagger:
A ritual knife used for severing psychic bonds, exorcising, cursing and/or initiating.

Damping:
A psi or antipsi talent for lowering the power levels of psychic energy fields.

Dance: Dance /n/ 1. a) a series of steps and movements usually in time to music. b) a piece of music for this. 2. a social function at which one dances. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Dark Ages: Dark Ages /n/ a name given to the period from about CE 450-1000, especially the early Middle Ages. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Data: Information or concepts of any sort.

De'ja'vu: De'ja'vu (day-zha-voo)  a feeling of familiarity when encountering a completely new scene or experience. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Deacon: Deacon /n/ Christian: a) a member of the third order of clergy beneath bishops and priests, and assisting them in their duties. b) a lay person who assists in worship and takes care of other lay matters in some Protestant churches. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Deaconess:
Deaconess /n/ Christian: a woman minister in certain churches, especially concerned with work for charity. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Definition: The meaning of a word; the classification pattern that it fits into during the time period and for the given population involved.

Deflection or Bouncing:
An antipsi talent for altering the force vectors of incoming psi broadcasts, thus “bouncing” them away.

Dedication:
The acceptance of Paganism, as one's path and religion, followed by intense study to gain the necessary knowledge and preparation to be adept at a particular tradition.  

Deify: Deify (dee-iff-eye) /v/ (deified, deifying) to make or worship as a god. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Deism:
Deism (dee-izm) /n/ a belief in the existence of a god, based only upon reason or logic and denying all supernatural revelations (compare Theism). [Latin 'deus' god]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Deity: (1) The most powerful sort of “supernatural” being. A god, goddess or godhead. (2) A powerful pattern in the Switchboard. (3) The memory of a dead hero(ine) or magician.  (4) An ancient visitor from outer space.  (5) An ancient visitor from inner space.  (6) All of the above?
    
Deosil:
(Jesh-il) The working act usually in ritual or song of moving or dancing  in a clockwise motion.   This is used for positive works and is also known as "Sunwise".

Demigod: Demigod /n/ a) a being who is part god and part man. b) a person who worshipped as if a god. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Demon: Demon (deem'n) /n/ 1. an evil spirit or devil. 2. a person of great energy. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).  A personification of what we consider to be evil or unpleasant (often repressed guilt feelings). (2) A nonphysical entity of a destructive and evil nature opposed to the will of the God(s).

Demonology:
Medieval science of studying demons.

Denomination: Denomination /n/ 1. a religious movement or group sharing common beliefs and identified by a particular name. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Density Control: A PK talent for increasing or decreasing the density of an object or being.

Dervish: Dervish /n/ a member of any of various Moslem mendicant orders devoted to poverty and chastity, some of whom achieve religious ecstacy through religious chants, whirling dances etc. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Destiny:
Destiny (desti-nee) /n/ a) the inevitable fate or course of events which affect a person, considered to be beyond human control. b) the power believed to determine these events. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Devil: Devil /n/ 1. Religious: (sometimes capital) a) the chief spirit of evil opposed to god. b) any subordinate evil spirit opposed to god. 2. a very evil person. 3. an unlucky or unfortunate person. 4. a person of great energy. Phrases: 'Give the devil hid due', to be fair or just even to the wicked. 'speak, talk of the devil', here comes the person we were just speaking about. Devilish (devv'l -ish) /adj/ 1. evil or like a devil. 2. (informal) great. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

A minor spirit perceived as a force for evil. Devil, The: “Heir of Man,” originally the Evil God of the Zoroastrians; later a creation of Christian and Islamic theologians (who called him Satan and Shaitan) consisting of old fertility gods, wisdom spirits and nature elementals combined with Ahriman into a figure of terror and malevolence fully equal to that of that Good God (Jehovah or Allah); the deity worshiped by Neogothic Witches.

Devote: Devote (de-vote) /v/ to give all one's time or attention to something. Devotee (devvo-tee) /n/ a fanatical or enthusiastic follower. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Devotion:
Devotion /n/ 1. a strong love or affection. 2. (usually plural) prayers or worship. Devotional /adj/ used in devotions. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Devout:
Devout /adj/ devoted to one's religion. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).


Dharanis:
One's phrase creeds or statements of belief, often used as mantras, such as “E = mc2.”

Dhyana:
Tantric trance, possibly a form of hypnosis.

Difficult Passage: A common mythological motif involving a hard transition or journey from one state or location to another through impossibly dangerous or paradoxical territory.

Dionysus: Dionysus (die-a-nice-us) /n/ Greek Mythology: the god of wine and fertility. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Discipline: Training or experience that corrects, molds, strengthens, or perfects (especially) the mental faculties or moral character; noted primarily by its absence in American occult groups.

Disk of Shadows:
A grimoire or other magical text (especially one of witchcraft rituals) kept on a computer memory disk.

Disciple: Disciple a follower, companion or student. [Latin 'disciplus' a learner]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Divine:
Divine (de-vine) /adj/ 1. of or relating to god or a god. 2. sacred. 3. (informal) heavenly or excellent. Divine /n/ Chrisitan: a theologian. Divine /v/ to learn or discover by intuition, inspiration or magic. Word Family: divinely /adv/; divination /n/; diviner /n/. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Divination:
Divination (divvi-nay-sh'n) /n/ the foretelling of events. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).
The Magickal art of seeing the unknown. There is an astonishing variety of divination methods, systems and codes around the world.

Divination: Any method used to foretell or inform of the future or the art and science of obtaining information through magical or spiritual methods, usually regarding things one could not investigate as thoroughly through more mundane methods. Divination may reveal past events, present events in distant or hidden locations, or likely future events; it can also reveal insights within a seeker’s own subconscious mind. Popular tools include Tarot cards, runes, crystal balls, astrology, and channeling. Many popular forms include Astrology, Runes, Tarot, tea leaves, the pendulum, scrying, meditation and many more. 

Diviner:
Obviously, one who does divination.

Divinity: Divinity (de-vinni-tee) /n/ 1. the quality of being divine. 2. a divine being; a god. 3. the formal study of religion or scriptures. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Doctrine: Doctrine (doktrin) /n/ a particular principle, belief or theory. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Dog: Dog /n/ 1. a) any of various breeds of four legged, flesh eating mammals, either wild, such as the dingo, or domesticated, such as the poodle. b) the male of this animal. 2. (informal) a fellow. 3. (plural) greyhound racing. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Dogma:
Dogma /n/ (plural is dogmas) any established opinion or system of principles or beliefs, such as those laid down by a church. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Dolls:
Doll 1. a toy which resembles a person. 2. (informal) an attractive female. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Dowsing: Dowse /v/ to search for water etc. with a divining rod. Word Family: dowser /n/ a water diviner. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary). A divination method using a pendulum or stick to answer questions similar to the popular "Ouija" board.  Some forms of this include water finding where a dowser uses a forked stick or the like to find water underground.

Dragons: Dragon /n/ 1. Mythology: a monster, usually pictured as a huge, winged, fire-breathing reptile with claws and scaly skin. 2. (informal) a strict or overbearing person, especially a woman. 3. any of various tree-dwelling or running lizards. [Greek 'drakon' serpent]. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).   

Drawing down the moon: Used primarily during Esbats to draw down the powers of the moon into a witch. Very powerful when a Sabbat and Esbat conjuct.  Drawing down the sun: Used to draw down the powers of the sun into a witch. Most commonly performed during Sabbats, considered to be most powerful during Equinoxes and Solstices.

Dreams: Dream /n/ 1. a sequence of images etc. occuring in the mind during sleep. 2. any imagined vision, hope or fancy. 3. anything which is beautiful or pleasing. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Drugs:
Drug /n/ 1. any chemical substance used to treat disease. 2. any addictive substance, such as certain narcotics. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Druids, Ancient:
From the root “dru-,” meaning “oak tree, firm, strong;” the entire intelligentsia of the Celtic peoples, including doctors, judges, historians, musicians, poets, priests and magicians.

Druids, Masonic:
Members of several Masonic and Rosicrucian fraternal orders founded in the 1700’s (and since) in England, France and elsewhere; some claim to go back to the original Druids.

Druids, Reformed:
Members of several branches of a movement founded in 1963 c.e. at Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota; most are now Neo-pagans, though the original founders were not.

Drum:
Drum /n/  Music: any of various percussion instruments consisting of a tightly stretched skin or membrane on a round frame, which is struck with sticks or the hands. Drum /v/ to thump or tap rythmically on or as if on a drum. Drumstick /n/ a stick used for beating a drum. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).
Dualism: A religious doctrine that states that all the spiritual forces of the universe(s) are split into 'Good Guys' and 'Bad Guys' who are eternally at war with each other

Dualism:
Dualism (dewa-lizm) /n/ 1. the state of having two parts, also called duality. 2. Philosophy: the belief that there are two opposing, independant basic principles in the world, such as mind and body or good and evil. (compare Monism). (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Dualistic Polytheism: A style of religion in which the 'Good Guys' and 'Bad Guys' include several major and minor deities (though they may not always be called that by the official theologians); what most '“monotheisms” really are. A example is Christian Fundamentalism.

Duotheism:
A style of religion in which there are two deities accepted by the polytheologians, usually of opposite gender; all other deities worshiped are considered to be “faces” or aspects of the two main figures.

Dynamic Balance, Law of:
“In order to survive, let alone to become a powerful magician, one must keep every aspect of one’s universe(s) in a state of dynamic balance with every other one.”

Dwarf: Dwarf (dwawf) /n/ 1. Folklore: a very small man-like being often having magical powers. 2. anything, such as a plant, which is much smaller or shorter than the average. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

E

Earth: One of the main “elements” in occultism; associated in the West with matter, brown, black, pentacles, passivity, inertness, silence, food fertility, wealth, practicality, cold, dryness, etc.

Earth-Mother:
Female personification of the Life force, fertility of the Earth and its inhabitants. One of the most widespread deity concepts in the world (though far from universal); She is now worshiped in the West as Mother Nature.

Ecclesiastic: Ecclesiastic (a-kleezi-astik) a clergyman. Ecclesiastical /adj/ of or relating to the church. (Heinemann Aust. Dictionary).

Eclectic Paganism:
Eclectic (ee-klektik) /adj/ using or derived from many different sources. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).
Paganism: (pay-g'n-izm) /n/ the beliefs and pracitces of Pagans. [Latin 'paganus' a civillian, because Pagans were not considered to be soldiers of Christ.] (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Ecstasy:
Ecstasy (eksta-see) /n/ 1. an extreme state of emotion especially delight. 2. a mystical, spititaul trance or frenzy. [Greek 'ekstasis' standing aside, a trance]. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Ecumenical:
Ecumenical (ek-yoo-menni-k'l) /adj/ 1. universal. 2. Religion: a) of or relating to the whole church. b) of the movement to reunite all Christian Churches. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Eden:
Eden /n/ 1. Biblical: the garden which was the first home of Adam and Eve. 2. a) any delightful place. b) a state of innocence and purity. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Effigy:
Effigy (effi-jee) /n/ an image or sculptured likeness of a person. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Egg:
Egg /n/ 1. the roundish body formed during the development of a bird or reptile and consisting of a shell which contains a yolk surrounded by a clear fluid substance. If fertilized the egg may develop into a new individual. 2. the egg of the domestic hen. 3. a female reproductive cell, short form of egg cell. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Electric Control: An APK talent involving the control of electricity and other electron phenomena. See Picachu.

Electrochemical:
Having to do with the interchanges between electrical and chemical energy, especially (in this text) those taking place in the body.

Electroencephalograph or EEG:
A machine that records electromagnetic activity in the brain (the so-called “brain waves”), usually upon a moving roll of paper.

Electromagnetic Spectrum:
The entire range of frequencies or wave-lengths of electromagnetic radiation from the longest radio waves to the shortest gamma rays. Visible light is only a tiny part of this range.

Element: basic and necessary part or feature of a whole. 2. (plural) a) the basic principles or beginnings of a subject. b) forces of nature, weather etc. 3. Chemistry: a substance made up of atoms which have the same number of protons. 4. preferred or more suitable environment. 5. Electricity: a wire conductor in an electrical appliance, which opposes the electric current and changes it into heat. 6. any of the four substances, air earth, water and fire, which ancient philosophers believed combined to form the universe. 7. Maths: a) a number forming part of an array, e.g. in a matrix. b) a single figure or symbol in a set. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

The Elements are the basic qualities (or building blocks) of the Physical and Spiritual world.

In Traditional Western practice there are four Elements, Earth (North), Air (East), Fire (South) and Water (West), which when combined create the Fifth Element Spirit (Center). In Eastern traditions the Elements are Fire (South), Metal (West), Water (North), Wood (East) and Earth (Center)

However there is some discrepancy within the practices of magick as to exactly where on the compass points particular Elements are placed. Generally as a rule practitioners place the elements at the point of the compass most relevant to the geographical position in which they personally practice.

In Paganism, The primary elements are earth, air, fire, water and spirit. Each of these 5 represents a point on the pentagram. The elements and their directions are extremely important in Pagan ritual. A classification system based upon the division of all phenomena into four or five categories; in Western occultism there are Earth, Water, Air, Fire and sometimes Spirit or Ether (or in India, Akasha); in Chinese occultism these are Earth, Water, Metal, Fire and Wood.

Elementals:
Personifications of the four or five “elements” of Western or Eastern occultism; in the West these are “Gnomes” for Earth, “Undines” for Water, “Sylphs” for Air, “Salamanders” for Fire, and “Sprites” for Spirit.

Elementals, Artificial:
Term used by some Western occultists to refer to spiritual entities “created” by magicians, usually to perform specific tasks.

Elementals, Nature:
Term used by some to refer to various minor spirits inhabiting or associated with various natural phenomena such as trees, streams, rocks, dust storms, etc.

Elf: Elf /n/ (plural is elves; also called an imp or pixie) Folklore: a small, often mischievious fairy. Word Family: elfin; elfish; elvish /adj/ of or like an elf. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

The word elf originated in Ancient Germanic to mean any kind of supernatural spirit and in Anglo-saxon to refer to faeries in general. As Faery Lore became more complex and divisions were recognised between the various beings, it came to be recognised as the term for small faeries in England and to beings of human size and appearance in Scotland. Anglo-saxon concepts of the elf merged with the Sandanavian mythology and also with the Celtic Sidhe to profuce the English Faery.

In Scandanavia, there were two distinct forms of elves, the light and dark elves. The concept corresponds roughly with the Scottish concept of the Seelie Cout (Kind Faeries) and the Unseelie Court (Malignant Faeries). Light Elves were fair in colouring (such as those depicted in the movie Lord of the Rings), the dark Elves were pitch black. The Scandanavian elves were lead by Freyr, God of Vegetation and they lived in Alfheim.

The elf is generally portrayed in one of two ways as small humam shaped volitile and joyful spirits, of lesser importance than humans or of human size and shape with pointed ears, these are usually considered to be a superior and much older race of being.

Ellyllon: Welsh Faeries, a race of elves, smaller and lighter than the Tylwyth Teg, with a similar role to Brownies.

Embalm: Embalm (em-bahm) /v/ to preserve a dead body by treating it with chemicals. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Empath:
Empathy (empa-thee) /n/ an ability to see into another's mind and heart and so reach a full and sympathetic understanding of his thought, feeling or experience. Word Family:  empathize, empathise /v/ empathic (em-pathik) empathetic (empa-thettik) /adj/ [a translation into Greek form of German 'Einfuhlung' in feeling]. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary). One who can use the psi talent of empathy.

Empath, Controlled:
Someone who uses psychometry and/or empathy and/or absorption, occasionally to the point of draining others of their psychic energy.

Empath, Total:
One who has trouble controlling their empathic and/or other passive psychic talents, and subsequently gets “overloaded” with data and power.

Empathy:
A form of telepathic reception limited to the perception of emotions; obviously this talent would tie in nicely with absorption.

Enchant: Enchant /v/ 1. to charm or delight 2. to use magic or spells on. Enchantment a) the state of being enchanted. b) anything which enchants. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Energy:
Energy (enna-jee) /n/ 1. the physical ability, force or power to act, work etc. 2. Physics: a conserved quantity equal to the mass of a body multiplied by it's velocity squared. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Energy Control: In Tantra, the control of biocurrents and their movements through the body; otherwise the control of energy in general.

Energy Field:
A continuously distributed something in space that accounts for actions at a distance; an area where energy does something. Don’t blame me for the vagueness of this definition; it’s a standard one used in modern physics.

Enigma: Enigma (ee-nigma) /n/ anything which puzzles or is difficult to explain. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Entity:
A being, spirit, living creature or personification.

Esbat: (Es-bat) Within Wicca, the Esbat is the powerful ritual time of the full moon. There are considered to be 13 Esbats in a year, all known by moon names. Within other Pagan Traditions an Esbat is any Festival held at night during a particular moon phase, different energies are utilised according to the phase for magickal workings, women's mysteries or meetings.

Eschatology: Eschatology (eska-tolla-jee) /n/ Christian: any teachings concerened with final things, such as death, judgement, heaven and hell. [Greek 'eskhatos' last + 'ology' the science or study of]. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Esoteric: Esoteric (esso-terrik) /adj/ 1. (of mystical doctrine etc.) taught only to the initiated. 2. made for or understood only by a small select group. [Greek 'esoterikos' inner]. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Eternal:
Eternal (ee-tern'l) /adj/ lasting for ever, with no beginning or end. Eternity (ee-terna-tee) /n/ an endless time without beginning or end, especially as distinct from mortal life. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Ether:  Ether (eetha) /n/  a) the heavens or upper regions of space. b) a substance believed by 19th century scientists to fill all space and transmit light, heat etc. (also spelt aether) Ethereal (ee-theerial) /adj/ (also spelt aethereal) 1. light and delicate. 2. of the heavens or pure upper regions of space. [Greek 'aither' upper air]. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).A hypothetical “substance” filling all space and conveying waves of energy.

Ethics: (1) Part of philosophy and theology pertaining to matters of “right and wrong,” “good and evil,” etc. (2) A set or system of moral values. (3) Principles of conduct governing an individual or profession.

Ethnography:
Part of social and cultural anthropology emphasizing descriptions of individual cultures rather than cross-cultural comparisons; when engaged in by the untrained, often degenerates into scrapbooking.

Ethos: Ethos (eethos) /n/ the fundemental and distinctive character or spirit of a social group, culture, community etc. [Greek nature, habits etc.]. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Epistemology: Epistemology (ee-pista-molla-jee) /n/ Philosophy: the study, investigation or theory of human knowledge. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Equinox: Equinox (eekwine-noks) /n/ the time when the sun crosses the equator, making day and night all over the earth of equal length, occuring on about March 21st (vernal equinox) and September 22nd (autumnal equinox) [Latin 'equi' equal + 'nox' night]. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Eucharist: Eucharist (yooka-rist) /n/ Christian: a) any of various services which celebrate the last Supper. b) the consecrated bread and wine used in this sacrament. (Heinmann Aust. Dictionary).

Evocation: The act of summoning the presence of spirits, Deities, elementals or energies to your sacred space.

Evocation, Law of: “It is possible to establish external communication with entities from either inside or outside of oneself, said entities seeming to be outside of oneself during the communication process.”

Evangelical: Evangelical (eevan-jellik'l) /adj/ 1. Christian: of or relating to the Gospel. 2. seeking to convert. Evangelelist (ee-vanja-list) /n/ 1. Christian: (capital) any of the authors of the four gospels in the New Testament. 2. any preacher whop stresses the necessity for conversion before salvation. [Greek 'eu' good + 'angelia' news].

Evil Eye: Evil Eye /n/ a stare believed to have the power to cause bad luck, injury etc.

Excommunicate: Excommunicate (eks-k'mewni-kate) /v/ Religion: to cut off from membership of a church.

Existentialism: Existentialism (egzi-stensha-lizm) /n/ Philosophy: any of various systems of thought emphasizing the loneliness of the individual, and his freedom and sole responsibility in making personal choices.

Exorcism: The severing or disruption of all unwanted psychic circuits and circuit potentials within a specific object, person or place; hence the dismissal of ghosts and spirits. Exorcize (eksor-size) /v/ to drive out an evil spirit by religious ceremonies. exorcisim (eksor-sizm) /n/ a) the act of exorcizing b) the words or ceremony used.

Exorcist:
(1) One who performs exorcisms.  (2) A magician or psychic (often very religious) with strong talents for CPK, antipsi and the clair senses, who specializes in forcing or persuading unwanted psychic energies (including spirits) to depart from objects, persons or places.

Experiment:
A test of an hypothesis (an idea or guess).

Experimental Design:
The way the test is put together, hopefully for maximum output of useful data.

Exponential Decay Function:
A “decaying” or “falling apart” function in which an independent variable appears as one of the mathematical exponents.

Extrasensory:
Extrasensory /adj/ beyond the range of normal perception. Extrasensory Perception any knowledge or experience gained without the use of normal senses e.g. by clairvoyance.

Extrasensory Perception or ESP: The categorical term for several psi talents involving the reception of (usually) external data through other than the commonly recognized sensory means.
   

F

Fable: Fable /n/ a) a short story with a moral, often about supernautral people or animals. b) any legend or myth. c) an improbable story.

Fairy: Fairy /n/ 1. Folklore: a small supernatural being with magical powers. 2. (informal) any exaggerated or unlikely story.

Faith: Faith /n/ 1. any trust or confidence. 2. a religion or religious movement.

Faith-Healer: Faith-Healer /n/ a person attempting to cure illness, etc. through religious faith.

Faith Healing: CPK and/or other psi talents interpreted as religious phenomena in curing.

Fakir:
Fakir (fay-keer) (also Fakeer) /n/ 1. a Moslem mendicant devoted to poverty and chastity. 2. the title for a very holy man. [Arabic 'faqir' poor man].

False: That which is improbable, unpleasant or inconvenient to believe.    
Familiar: Most commonly an animal, a familiar is a wytche's working helper. Although often advantageous to ritual, they can also become a liability and much thought should be given to taking a familiar.

Fam-Trad:
Shortened term for “Familial Tradition.” See Witchcraft, Familial and Tradition.

Familiar:
Familiar (fa-millia) /n/ 1. an intiamte friend. 2. a daemon supposed to attend a witch at her call. [ Latin 'familiaris' of the household].

Family: A family is a group of people who love and support each other, in good times and bad. Many Pagans may find themselves without their birth families, so they create new families. Sometimes a coven or other spiritual groups can serve as a of family. Pagans respect all different kinds of family – nuclear families, extended families, single-parent families, gay families, etc

Fanatic:
Fanatic (fa-nattik) /n/ a person with excessive enthusiasm for something. [ Latin 'fanaticus' inspired by a god, frenzied].

Fantasy: Fantasy (fanta-see) /n/ 1. a) a wild or extravagant imagination. b) any product of this. 2. a fantasia.

Fascinate: (1) Fascinate (fassi-nate) /v/ to attract irresistibly or hold spellbound. [Latin 'fascinare' to cast a spell on]. (2) The Arts associated with Altered Consciousness

Fate: Fate /n/ 1. the power that predtermines events; the Greeks believed 'fate' rules men's lives. 2. the final condition of a person or thing.

Father: Father /n/ 1. a male parent. 2. a male who statrs something. 3. Christian: (capital) a) a name for god. b) a title for a priest or abbot.

Feasts: Feast /n/ 1. a large elaborate meal. 2. anything that gives pleasure. 3. a religious festival.

Feedback: Data returned as a reply or result, containing corrections and additions.

Festival:
Festival /n/ a day or period of celebration.

Fetish: Fetish (fettish) /n/ 1. an excessive devotion to or obsession with anything. 2. an object worshipped because it is believed that powerful spirits live in it.

Fey:
Fey (fay) /adj/ (of a person) strange or otherworldly.

Fiesta: Fiesta (fee-esta) /n/ a festival [Spanish]. 

Filtering: An antipsi ability to use apopsi, reddopsi or deflection selectively, thus stopping part of a psi broadcast or field while letting the desired remainder (usually part of the information content) through.

Finite Senses, Law of:
“Every sense mechanism of every entity is limited by both range and type of data perceived, and many real phenomena exist which may be outside the sensory scanning ability of any given entity.” The Supreme Being(s) may be excepted from this law.

Fire:
Fire /n/ 1. a) the flame, heat and light produced by burning. b) a body of burning material. 2. something resembling this in intensity of heat or light. One of the main “elements” in occultism; associated in the West with flames, red, orange, wands or staves, activity, light, will, animals, energy, assertiveness, heat, dryness, etc.

Firing:
The discharge of psychic energy in a ritual, the timing of which is frequently critical.

Flagellant: Flagellant (flaja-lant) a person who whips or punishes himself, especially as a religious discipline.

Flying Ointment: Treaditionally used to enable witches to 'fly' to Sabbats. Most commonly used to achieve an altered sense of consciousness.

Flying Saucer: Flying saucer (also called a Unidentified Flying Object - UFO) a disc-shaped object which some claim to have seen in the sky.

Folklore: Folklore /n/ the traditional customs, legends and beliefs of the people of a particular country or region. The study of folktales and legends, a subject overlapping that of mythology.

Folktale:
Story handed down amongst a people, from generation to generation. Often as a means of showing the validity of a particular course of action.

Folkways: Folkways /plural n/ the traditional ways of living or behaving, which influence people without their being aware of it.

Food: Food /n/ 1. a) any material, especially solid material, taken into the body and assimilated for growth etc. b) a specific kind of material. 2. anything providing nourishment, ideas etc.

Foresight: Foresight /n/ 1. the perceptiveness or prudence about the future. 2. the act or ability of foreseeing.

Foretell: Foretell /v/ (foretold, foretelling) to predict or prophecy.

Fortune Telling: Fortune-teller /n/ a person who professes to see future events related to another person, e.g. by palmistry.

Freemason: Freemason /n/ a member of a secret order which promotes mutal assistance and brotherly love amongst it's members.

Freewill: 1. the power to choose or decide freely 2. Philosophy: the doctrine that man is free to work out his own

Friar:
Friar (frya) /n/ Roman Catholic: a brother of a certain religious orders, especially the orders which work among the people and not in a monastery, and which formerly lived by begging. [Latin 'frater' brother]. 

G

Gaian:   One who believes in focusing their spirituality on the Earth (Gaia.) May include some Pagans, Wiccans, Creation-Centered Christians, Scientific Pantheists and others.

Geller Effect: One or more psi talents (probably including bonding control) that enable the user to bend metal objects without touching them, named after this century’s best known user, Uri Geller. The effect is real and has been done by Geller and others under impeccable laboratory controls, regardless of the disputes by Geller’s detractors.

General Extrasensory Perception or GESP: A term used when two or more forms of ESP are operating at the same time.

Germ Theory: (1) In Tantra, the theory that every entity has a germinal or root sound, the repetition of which can create that entity. (2) In the West, a folk belief that all diseases are caused by miniature demons called “germs” or “viruses.”

Ghost: Personification of data received as the result of a plug-in to an individual metapattern within the Switchboard, and/or the spirit of a dead person or animal, still existing in a nonphysical manner, and/or something(s) else entirely.

Goal: The general result one actually wishes to accomplish with a particular magical or psychic act. Compare with Target.
    
God: The masculine aspect of Deity.
    
Goddess: The feminine aspect of Deity.

God or Goddess, The: The particular masculine or feminine deity worshiped by a particular mono-, heno-, or duotheist.

“God or Goddess, Thou Art:” A statement of divine immanence common among Neopagans, originally from Robert Heinlein’s book, Stranger in a Strange Land. Most especially used within the 'Church of All Worlds'.

Godling: A young or minor deity.

Goetia: From words meaning “howling or crying,” the medieval books of ceremonial magic, such as The Greater and Lesser Keys of Solomon.

Golem: An artificial person given life by the carving of a Sacred Name upon his or her forehead and usually used as a slave. Has deeper meanings in real Hebrew Mysticism, in which we are all golems in some sense.

Graphology: (1) An officially nonpsychic method of personality assessment based upon the study of handwriting samples. (2) A method of divination based upon the use of such samples as contagion links.

Gravity Control: A psychic talent for altering the gravitational fields in a particular location, such as in a room or around an object or being.

Gray Magic: Magic that is neither “black” nor “white,” hence morally neutral, at least according to those who use these quaint terms.

Grimoires: So-called “Black Books” of (usually Goetic) magic, consisting of recipe collections, scrapbooks of magical customs, Who’s Who’s of the spirit worlds and phone directories for contacting various entities.  Nowe most commonly associated with NeoPagan Book of Shadows.

Group mind: A section of the Switchboard consisting of two or more metapatterns linked into an identity circuit. Term is used for those formed telepathically in rituals but can also be used to refer to mobs or other cases of crowd hysteria.

H

Hallucination: (1) Perception of objects or beings with no reality or not present within normal sensory scanning range.  (2) Experience of sensations with no exterior cause, usually as a result of nervous dysfunction.  (3) Perceptions not in accord with consensus reality.

Hallucination, Veridical: One in which the content is essentially factual.

Hallucinogen: A chemical or biochemical substance capable of inducing hallucinations when introduced into the human metabolism.
    
Handfasting: A Wiccan/Pagan betrothal or wedding. A traditional Pagan betrothal lasts for a year and a day, after which the permanent ceremony is held. In most traditions, a High Priest or High Priestess officiates, reading the lines to the celebrants just like in a Christian wedding. The "handfasting" part refers to the custom of tying the celebrants’ hands together with a ribbon to symbolize their union. Most Pagan religions allow the marriage of any persons who choose to form a family, so you may see two brides or two grooms or two brides and a groom or some other combination instead of the usual bride and groom. A handparting is a Pagan divorce, in honor of the fact that sometimes people do grow apart over time.

Hauntings: Recurrent plug-ins to the Switchboard and/or perceptions of ghostly entities associated with a particular location or being.

Heathen: Members of several Germanic and Norse traditions, such as Asatru and Odinism, prefer this term to the more general "Pagan."

Heathenism: The religion of those who live on the heath (where heather grows).

Herbalism: The magickal and medicinal art of using herbs for the practitioner's use or benefit.

Hedonism: A method for altering the state of one’s consciousness through the experience of intense pleasures; when extreme, may become tiring.

Henotheism: A polytheistic religion where one deity is the official Ruler and is supposed to be the prime focus of attention.

Hepatoscopy: Divination through the use of animal innards (see Anthropomancy), especially livers. When done with French hens, usually indicates cowardice.

Heat Control: The use of temperature control to start or stop fires and other heating phenomena, also called “psychopyresis.”

Hinayana (aka “Lesser Vehicle”) Buddhism The oldest or most “orthodox” form of Buddhism, with deities demoted to very minor roles or completely absent.

Hixson’s Law: “All possible universes that can be constructed out of all possible interactions of all existing subatomic particles through all points in space-time, must exist.”

Horoscope: A two-dimensional chart of the way “important” parts of the sky look at a particular time and location, especially at birth, used in astrology.

Hyperapotheosis: The promotion of one’s tribal deity to the rank of Supreme Being, as in Judaism, Christianity or Islam.

Hypercognition: A categorical term for those psi talents consisting of superfast thinking, usually at a subconscious level, often using data received via ESP, which then reveals all or part of the “gestalt” (whole pattern) of a situation; this is then presented to the conscious mind as a sudden awareness of knowledge (or “a hunch”), without a pseudo-sensory experience. See Retrocognition and Precognition.

Hyperesthesia: Excessive or pathological sensitivity of the skin or other senses; heightened perception or responsiveness to the environment; often mistaken for real ESP.

Hypnosis: (1) As used in this book, an altered state of consciousness within which the following can occur at will: increase in bodily and sensory control, in suggestibility, in ability to concentrate and eliminate distractions, and probably in psychic abilities as well.  (2) A useful word and tool for those who cannot conceive of nor practice real mesmerism.

Hypothesis: Scientific term for wild guess, hunch, tentative explanation or possibility to be tested.

I

I Ching: Chinese “Book of Changes;” key to sortilege system.

Iatromancy: The divination of medical problems and solutions.

Identification, Law of: “It is possible through maximum association of the elements of one’s own metapattern and those of another being’s to actually become that being, at least to the point of sharing its knowledge and wielding its power.”

Imaging or To Image: Term for strong visualization of a concept being used for focusing.

Imbolc: (Im-Bolc) Observed on February 2nd, Imbolc is the early spring sabbat which honors the virgin goddess as the young bride of the returning sun god.

Impossible: Unlikely, difficult, implausible, uncomfortable, new.

Incantation: Words used in a ritual or spell, should always be chanted or sung.

Infinite Data, Law of: “The number of phenomena to be known is infinite and one will never run out of things to learn.”

Infinite Universes, Law of: “The total number of universes into which all possible combinations of existing phenomena could be organized is infinite.” See Hixson’s Law and Personal Universes, Law of.

Information Theory: Study of communication.

Information Transfer: Communication.
    
Initiation: (1) The tranformation of ones ideals and values into the ideals and values of a particular path. An initiation is most commonly a Ritualised event within a Coven. Please note: one can be a dedicant/dedicated, but not yet initiated whilst an initiate is always a dedicant/dedicated.  (2)An intense personal experience, often of a death and rebirth sort, resulting in a higher state of personal development and/or admission to a magical or religious organization.

Input: The way incoming data is interpreted or classified.

Instrumental Act: One which is useful, even if for no other purpose than to relieve stress.

Interdisciplinary Approach: The use of data and techniques from more than one art or science in order to analyze phenomena.

Invocation: The drawing of an aspect of a Deity, spirit or energy into one's self using magickal ritual.

Invocation, Law of: “It is possible to establish internal communications with entities from either inside or outside of oneself, said entities seeming to be inside of oneself during the communication process.”

J

Jargon: Any technical terminology or characteristic idiom of specialists or workers in a particular activity or area of knowledge; often pretentious or unnecessarily obscure.

K

Kabbalah: (1) A Hebrew word for “collected teachings,” referring to several different lists of books and manuscripts on various occult and mundane topics. Sloppy translations of a handful of texts in the Kabbalah of Mysticism, with Christian names and concepts forcibly inserted, are responsible for much of what is now called “Cabala” by western metaphysicians. If you can’t think fluently in Hebrew, you have no business trying to do Kabbalistic magic.  (2) A general term for collections of magical and mystical texts from various cultures, thus “Greek Kabbalah,” “Arabic Cabala,” etc.

Kachina: A (usually benevolent) supernatural being in Hopi religion; may be a personification of an aspect of nature, an ancestor, or something revealed in a dream.

Kama-kali: Ritual sexual intercourse in Tantra.
    
Karma: Karma follows the law of cause an effect. It is the belief that what one's actions do in this life, will carry over to the next life and lives to come.

Kinesis: Physical movement including quantitative, qualitative, and positional change; sometimes movement caused by stimulation but not directional or aimed.

Kinetic Energy: Energy associated with motion.

Kirlian Photography: A lenseless electrical photographic technique invented by Russian parapsychologists S. D. and V. Kirlian in 1939 and which can be used to record energy fields around living or once living objects and beings. Although the “Kirlian auras” vary with emotional excitement and intent, there is as yet no proof that they are the same as the “psychic auras” traditionally seen by clairvoyants. Time will tell.

Klutzokinesis: Term invented by Arlynde d’Loughlan to describe the use of CPK to make people more clumsy (or agile) through interference with neuron or muscle activities. (something I'm sure I have...lol)

Knowledge, Law of: “Understanding brings control; the more that is known about a phenomenon, the easier it is to exercise control over it.”

Koran: The sacred book of Islam.

Ksana: The “favorable moment;” a temporal Centre.

L

Law: A statement of the ways phenomena seem to work.

Law of Magic: A statement of the ways magical phenomena seem to work.

Laws, Law of: “The more evidence one looks for to support a given law, the more one finds.”

Left-Hand Path: (1) The people we don’t like who are doing magic. (2) Occultists who spend their time being destructive, manipulative and “evil”

Levitation: A psi talent involving the combination of PK proper with Gravity Control and/or Mass Control in order to produce floating effects.
    
Libation: Drink or sometimes food, given as an offering to a deity, or spirit during magickal ritual.

Light Control: An APK talent for the control of photons.
    
Litha: (Lith-ah) Also known as Midsummer, Litha is the summer solstice which honors the sun god at his peak power.  Please see our Sabbats page.     

Litany: Long prayer or incantation with constantly repeating refrain.

Lodges: Groups of magical and mystical workers similar to (1) the old European guild systems, with apprentices, journey people and masters, or (2) church organisations with rank based upon goodness or evilness.

Lughnassadh: (Loo-nuh-sa) The Pagan first harvest, or harvest of corn.  Lughnassadh usually falls on August 1st.  It is the first of the harvests.  Please see our Sabbats page.

M

Mabon: (May-bun) The Pagan Thanksgiving, or second harvest.  Mabon falls on the autumnal equinox, when the light of the year shifts toward darkness.  It is a traditional time for feasting.  Please see our Sabbats page.     

Mage: A general term for anyone doing magic, especially of the active kinds; often used as synonym for “magus.”

Magi: Zoroastrian priests. Later used for powerful magicians of any sort.

Magic:(1) A general term for arts, sciences, philosophies and technologies concerned with (a) understanding and using various altered states of consciousness within which it is possible to have access to and control over one’s psychic talents, and (b) the uses and abuses of those psychic talents to change interior and/or exterior realities. (2) A science and an art comprising a system of concepts and methods for the build-up of human emotions, altering the electrochemical balance of the metabolism, using associational techniques and devices to concentrate and focus this emotional energy, thus modulating the energies broadcast by the human body, usually to affect other energy patterns whether animate or inanimate, but occasionally to affect the personal energy pattern.  (3) A collection of rule-of-thumb techniques designed to get one’s psychic talents to do more or less what one wants, more often than not, one hopes. It should be obvious that these are thaumaturgical definitions.

Magick: As stated by Aleister Crowley, "Magick is the science and art of causing change to occur in conformity to will". Magick spelled with a 'k' is often used by Pagans to differentiate it from the art of illusion.

Magic Circle: A mandala-mudra-mantra combination used around an area where all or part of a ritual is to take place, so that an individual or group can more easily control the energies generated.

Magician: (1) As a general term, anyone who does any sort of magic at all. (2) More specifically, someone who uses mostly active talents and rites for mostly thaumaturgical purposes.

Magician, Goetic: A magician and psychic who frequently “summons up” various nonhuman entities (good, bad or ugly) in order to gain both occult and mundane knowledge, which is then used for thaumaturgical, theurgical and nonmagical purposes.

Magister: Master, teacher or magician.

Magnetic Control: An APK talent involving the control of magnetic, diamagnetic and paramagnetic lines of force and other magnetic phenomena.

Magos: Greek word for “magi.”

Magus: Originally, the singular form of “magi.” Later, a powerful magician. Originally, the singular form of “magi.” Later, a powerful magician.

Mahayana (or “Greater Vehicle”) Buddhism A later, “heterodox” version of Buddhism which incorporates many Paleopagan deities from throughout Asia as Buddhas or Saints.

Mana: Polynesian word for psychic energy.

Mandala: Sights (especially drawings, paintings and carvings) used primarily as associational and/or trance inducing devices.

Mantic Arts: The various methods of divination.

Mantis: A diviner or seer.

Mantra: Sounds used primarily as associational and/or trance inducing devices.

Mass: The property of a body that is a measure of its inertia, that causes it to have weight (in a gravitational field), and that is a measure of the amount of material it contains.

Mass Control: An APK talent for increasing or decreasing the mass of an object or being.

Maya: (1) Sanscrit for “illusion.” (2) A tribe of Central American Indians. (Mayans)

Mayin: One who controls the worlds of illusion, a magician or mystic.

Mechanistic: A word used (usually as an insult) to refer to those who prefer to analyze even supposedly nonphysical phenomena in terms of physical or mechanical patterns of behavior.

Medicine Person: A tribal official who combines the modes of magician, psychic and cleric, using her or his talents for personal and tribal benefit; especially in such matters as healing, hunting, fertility, weather and war magic.

Medium: A psychic (and frequently cleric as well) who specializes in being possessed by or otherwise communicating with, various spirits especially those of dead humans; someone who knows how to plug-in to the metapatterns of the recently dead, or can arrange such plug-ins for others. See Necromancer.

Mental Projection: An OOBE or psi talent that may involve traveling GESP without the image of an “astral body” being brought along.

Metaphysics: That which lies beyond or above ("meta") the bounds of regular physics. These days, metaphysics has a lot in common with quantum physics, minus the boggling math. This is the study of multi-leveled reality and complex philosophical questions like "Why are we here? Where did we come from? What aspects of reality exist independent of human interpretation?" Often people use "metaphysical" to describe anything beyond ordinary reality.

Mesmerism: From Franz Mesmer, a form of telepathic sending in which the data sent consists of suggestions backed by the insistent power of the sender.

Mesopaganism or Meso-Paganism: A general term for a variety of movements both organized and nonorganized, started as attempts to recreate, revive or continue what their founders thought were the best aspects of the Paleopagan ways of their ancestors (or predecessors), but which were heavily influenced (accidentally, deliberately and/or involuntarily) by concepts and practices from the monotheistic, dualistic, or nontheistic worldviews of Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, or early Buddhism. Examples of Mesopagan belief systems would include Freemasonry, Rosicrucianism, Theosophy, Spiritualism, etc., as well as those forms of Druidism influenced by those movements, the many Afro-Diasporatic faiths (such as Voudoun, Santeria, Candomble, etc.), Sikhism, several sects of Hinduism that have been influenced by Islam and Christianity, Mahayana Buddhism, Aleister Crowley’s religion/philosophy of Thelema, Odinism (most Norse Paganism), most “Family Traditions” of Witchcraft (those that aren’t completely fake), and most orthodox (aka “British Traditionalist”) denominations of Wicca. Some Mesopagan belief systems may be racist, sexist, homophobic, etc. There are at least a billion Mesopagans living and worshiping their deities today. See Paleopaganism and Neopaganism.

Metabolism: The sum or gestalt of the processes going on inside your body.

Metamorphosis: Change, especially of the outward appearance. See Werewolf, or your local politicians.

Metapattern: As used in this text, the sum and gestalt of all the interlocking patterns that make up an individual, including the body (or bodies), the various levels of mind or awareness, the psychic and artistic abilities, memory and intellectual capacities, and perhaps whatever it is that is usually called “the soul.”

Metaphysics: Philosophy of the relations between “underlying reality” and its manifestations.

Miracle: A paranormal act or occurrence done by or for someone who belongs to a religion that you approve of, usually credited to divine intervention.

Miracle, Counterfeit: A paranormal act or occurrence done by or for someone who belongs to a religion that you do not approve of; usually credited to demonic intervention.

Monotheist: One who believes in the existence of a single, usually omnipotent Deity. Christianity posits one male God; some feminist Pagan traditions posit one female Goddess. In its less enlightened forms, this can lead to hostility towards other religions, but it does not have to.

Moon Sign: In astrology, the zodiacal sign that the moon appeared to be in at the time and location for which the chart is cast.

Motif: A common pattern running through stories, folktales or myths.

Motion: The act or process of a body passing from one place or position to another. Completely relative.

Mudra: Physical gestures, positions or postures (including dance movements) used primarily as associational and/or trance inducing devices.

Mundane (1): Not Pagan; mainstream. Some people use this simply to distinguish between different aspects of their lives, as in, "My craft name is Shadow; my mundane name is Sarah Smith." As a warning: "Please don’t freak out my mundane relatives by talking about Samhain." Other people may use the word in a derogetory manner to imply one who is narrow-minded, dull, or hostile to matters magickal: "Rhiannon had to move because her landlord was a mundane; he kept complaining about the coven meeting at her place." (2): Mundane may also refer to the material world, the physical realm. To anything non-magicakal/spiritual. (3) Pertaining to “the earth plane.”

"Mundanely Known As": Refers to a person’s formal, check-cashing name rather than a craft name or nickname. Because some people use their legal name only for cashing checks, Pagans often know each other primarily or solely by craft name. This also offers protection in less-tolerant areas, a holdover from times when craft/magickal names made it impossible to anyone to betray coven mates if captured and tortured.
    
Mysteries:Secret rituals usually involving the display of sacred mandalas and other objects to, and the performance of various mudras with and in front of, and the chanting of mantras and dharanis in the hearing of, properly initiated worshipers, for theurgical purposes in this life and the next.

Mystery Cult: A group of people who get together regularly to perform sacred mysteries and to study their meanings.

Mystery School: In theory, a group of magicians and/or mystics who have gathered together to share their wisdom and secrets with each other and with new seekers. In practice, usually a group of would-be “enlightened masters” who are primarily interested in impressing each other and in fleecing the gullible. After all, “there’s a seeker born every minute!”

Mystic: (1) One who practices mysticism. (2) A person who uses mostly passive talents and rites for mostly theurgical purposes.

Mysticism: (1) The doctrine or belief that direct knowledge of the God(s), o spiritual truth, of ultimate reality, or of comparable matters is attainable through immediate intuition, insight or illumination and in a way differing from ordinary sense perception or conscious thought. (2) The concepts and theories behind the theurgical approach to occultism.

Myth: (1) Technically, a traditional story with its emphasis upon the actions of deities;  (2) commonly, a false or simplistic belief.

Mythology: The study of myths, and thus a field overlapping folklore; sometimes used to refer to a specific body of myths pertaining to a given culture or motif. The study of someone else’s religious stories.

Mythos: A system of myths within a society or culture.

N

Names, Law of: “Knowing the complete and true name of an object, being or process gives one complete control over it.”

Necromancer: (1) A magician and psychic who specializes in “summoning” the spirits of dead persons, usually without possession, in order to gain both occult and mundane knowledge, which is then used for thaumaturgical, theurgical and nonmagical purposes.
Necromancer: (2) Generally, anyone who does any form of divination involving the dead. See Medium.

Negapsi or Reversing: An antipsi ability to reverse all or part of the information content of a psi broadcast or field.

Neo-Pagan: A Term used to differentiate between historical Paganism and the practices of modern Pagans. Often considered to apply to the various movements incepted since the 1950's, when the British anti-witchcraft laws were finally repealed.

Neotarot Cards: A collection of divination cards designed to be used in the same general ways as regular Tarot Cards, but which have different (non-Tarot) archetypal images as their main contents. Examples would include “Morgan’s Tarot,” “The Illuminated Tarot,” etc.

Nervous System: The bodily system made up of nerves, senses, and brain, including all connectors such as the spinal cord.

Numerology: Divination by means of numbers and numerical “values” of letters.

O

Objective: “Reality” as it supposedly is “in itself,” instead of as it may be perceived.

Observation: A part of the scientific method that involves a careful cataloging of perceptions involving any particular phenomenon.

Obsession: Being besieged or impelled by an outside force (often perceived as demonic) to entertain thoughts or perform actions of an unpleasant, malign, pathological or unprofitable nature; thus causing anxiety and fear to be experienced by the person involved and/or observers. See Possession.

Occult: Related to metaphysics, "occult" means "secret" and refers to hidden knowledge, such as the study of magic. "Esoteric" is a synonym.

Occultism: The study and or practice of that which is occult, especially (in this century) in reference to the powers of the mind.

Onieromancy: Divination by means of dream interpretations.

Ostara: (Oh-star-ah) Observed at the vernal equinox, Ostara represents life and balance.  Please see Sabbats.     

Oui-Ja Board: A flat board with letters, numbers and/or words upon it, used with a planchette or pendulum for divination. Also spelled Ouiji.

Out of the Body Experience: A perception of one’s consciousness as being outside of one’s physical body and usually as movable. See Astral Projection and Mental Projection.

P

Pagan: (Pay-gun) Paganism: Originally from the Latin “paganus,” meaning “villager,” “country dweller,” or “hick.” The Roman army used it to refer to civilians. Early Roman Christians used “pagan” to refer to everyone who preferred to worship pre-Christian divinities and who were unwilling to enroll in “the Army of the Lord.” Eventually, “pagan” became simply an insult, with the connotation of “a false religion and its followers.” By the beginning of the twentieth century, the word’s primary meanings became a blend of “atheist,” “agnostic,” “hedonist,” “religionless,” etc., (when referring to an educated, white, male, heterosexual, non-Celtic European) and “ignorant savage and/or pervert” (when referring to everyone else on the planet). “Paganism” is now a general term for polytheistic, nature-centered religions, old and new, with “Pagan” used as the adjective as well as the membership term. It should always be capitalized just as other religious noun/adjective combinations are, such as “Buddhist,” “Hindu,” “Christian,” etc. One who follows or practices a Pre-Christian or reconstructed earth-based or nature religion.

Paleopaganism  or Paleo-Paganism: A general term for the original polytheistic, nature-centred faiths of tribal Europe, Africa, Asia, the Americas, Oceania and Australia, when they were (or in some rare cases, still are) an intact belief systems. Of the so-called “Great Religions of the World,” Hinduism (prior to the influx of Islam into India), Taoism and Shinto, for example, fall under this category, though many members of these faiths might be reluctant to use the term. There are billions of Paleopagans living and worshipping their deities today.

Palmistry: Divination by means of the folds and other features of the hands.

Pantheon: The organisation of deities and lesser spirits in any given religion.

Pantheist: One who believes in universal, immanent divinity; that is, divine presence in all places, people, and things.

Panentheist: One who combines the tenets of theism and pantheism, believing that divinity is both immanent and transcendent. Otherwise known as having one’s cake and eating it too.

Para-anthropology: The study of paranormal phenomena in tribal, traditional and/or nonliterate cultures.

Paranoia: Slang term taken from psychology, used to refer to general terror or anxiety, usually with associated feelings of persecution.

Paranormal: Unusual or “supernatural.”

Parapsychology: (1) The physics of paranormal phenomena. (2) The general and interdisciplinary study of paranormal phenomena. (3) The study of that which is “beyond” the field of “normal” psychology. Parapsychology:(4) The scientific branch of occultism.

Passive Ritual: One in which those persons raising and focusing the psychic energies are the main targets intended to be changed.

Passive Talent: A psychic talent that involves the reception of energy or data by the agent from the target.

Path: A method, system or approach to magical or mystical knowledge.

Path, The: The One-True-Right-And-Only-Way followed by the user of the term. Most often in reference to 'Monotheistic' religions.

Pendulum: Any small object on a string or chain, the movements of which can be used for divination.

Pentalpha: A five pointed star made by interweaving five letter A’s.

Pentacle: A pentagram surrounded by a circle and fashioned usually into a pendant. The pentacle is used in some Pagan Covens to represent the element of earth. When made of clay, glass, metal or wood, often used in western occultism as a symbol of the “element” of Earth.
    
Pentagram: With the apex (point) upwards, the pentagram is the five pointed star symbolizing many of the Traditions of Paganism. It represents the elements of earth, air, fire, water and spirit and also creative principle over all creation. Sometimes used with point down to represent the Second Degree in Wicca.

Perception: The process of classifying sensations.

Personal Universes, Law of: “Every sentient being lives in and quite possibly creates a unique universe which can never be 100% identical to that lived in by another.” See Hixson’s Law and Infinite Universes, Law of.

Personification, Law of: “Any phenomenon may be considered to be alive and to have a personality, and may be effectively dealt with as such."

Perversity, Law of: “If anything can go wrong, it will, at the worst possible time — and in the most annoying manner possible.” Also known as “Murphy’s Law.”

Perversion: (1) A variation in a process that effectively negates or contradicts what the user of this term considers to be the original purpose of the process. (2) Using the entire chicken.

Phrenology: Divination by means of the features of the head (exterior).

Physiology: The study of the living body.

Placebo Effect: (1) Term used to refer to the process by which the belief of a target may cause results (physical or psychic) to occur with no known effort being made by the supposed agent. Placebo Effect:(2) The most powerful, cheapest, and therefore least researched method of healing.

Placebo Spell: Obviously, a spell that works by the placebo effect.

Planchette: A triangular object with short legs used as a divination tool, usually by moving it over a Oui-Ja Board.

Plant-Psi or Plantpsi: A little-used term for psychic phenomena involving the interaction of plants with humans, each other and the environment.

Plug-in: To “close a circuit” or otherwise make a connection with a part of the Switchboard or a smaller group mind.

Poet: (1) One who fashions words artistically. (2) One who can control the power of words and is thus a magician. (3) To the ancient Greeks, one who is a specialist in retrocognition.

Polarism: A religious doctrine that states that all the spiritual forces of the universe(s) are split into Guys and Gals, (good, weird, horny, scary, whimsical, etc.) who are eternally in bed with each other.

Polarity, Law of: “Any pattern of data can be split into (at least) two patterns with ‘opposing’ characteristics, and each will contain the essence of the other within itself.”

Poltergeist: From the German, meaning “noisy spirit;” an old term for RSPK, resulting from a personification of the phenomena.

Polygamous: Loving many, a term referring to people who have a loving, intimate relationship with more than one person and with the consenting knowledge of all parties. Some Pagans practice polyamory, especially those who are bisexual, where they may have both a 'husband' and a 'wife'. The relationships may or may not extend within all members of the marriage.This may also be referred to as a group marriage, a clan marriage, a Pride

Polytheist: One who believes in the existence of multiple Gods, Goddesses, and/or other divine entities. This includes duotheism, the belief in a matched pair of divine entities.

Polytheism: The belief in the existence of multiple deites or godheads, as opposed to monotheism, where only a single god or godhead is revered.

Polytheology: Intellectual speculations concerning the natures of the Gods and Goddesses and Their relations to the world in general and humans in particular; etc.

Possession: The process or experience of having another being (divine, demonic or other) inside of one’s own body, usually as the result of a conscious or unconscious invocation. See Obsession.

Pragmatism, Law of: “If a pattern of belief or behavior enables a being to survive and to accomplish chosen goals, then that belief or behavior is ‘true,’ ‘realistic,’ and/or ‘sensible’.”

Precognition: Hypercognition done about future phenomena.

Priest or Priestess: A cleric who is an official representative of a given religion, sect or cult, and who is responsible for leading other people in rituals.

Prophet: (1) A person (usually a cleric) who “speaks out for” a deity or other powerful spirit, usually about future events.  (2) A diviner of the future.

Prop: Tools, physical emblems and other objects used primarily as associational and/or trance inducing devices.

Psi: Short for “psychic.”

Psi Corps: Organizations set up by governments in order to use psychic talents for the benefit of the governments involved, especially in matters of espionage, sabotage and assassination.

Psionics: A scientific way to get around using the dirty word “magick;” probably coined by John Campbell, the word is usually used to refer to technologically oriented parapsychology.

Pseudo: Fake, deceptive, erroneous or otherwise “unreal.”

Psychic: As used in this text, a word referring to rare or seldom-used powers of the (usually) human mind, which are capable of causing effects that appear to contradict the mainstream worldview of western science and philosophy.

Psychic, A: Anyone who uses mostly passive talents and rites for mostly thaumaturgical purposes.

Psychoenergetics: A fashionable term for parapsychology in Russia.

Psychokinesis or PK: A categorical term for those psi talents that involve the movement of matter and energy through space-time.

Psychokinesis Proper: A specific term for the psychically induced movement of objects (including the physical bodies of beings) through normal space-time.

Psychology: Divination by means of the features of the head (interior).

Psychometry: (1) The science of statistical measurements in the field of psychology.  (2) An term for a psychic talent involving the reception of data “from” objects or surroundings about events and/or persons connected to those objects or surroundings; quite possibly the ability to use objects or places as contagion links for telepathic reception, the clair/e senses, and/or retrocognition.

Q

Q

R

Radiation Control: An APK talent for speeding up and slowing down the decay rates of radioactive materials.

Radio Waves: Waves on the electromagnetic spectrum between infrared radiation (less than 1 cm from crest to crest) and those called “Very Low Frequency” (over 10,000 km); only a tiny portion of this wavespread is used for common radio and television broadcasting.

Reality: (1) The result of consensus opinion. (2) That which is most comfortable and convenient to believe. (3) An individuals perception and creation of their own universe.

Reality, Levels of: The concept (resulting from the Law of True Falsehoods) that a given idea may be “true” in some situations and “false” in others, depending upon the aspects, sections, areas or other subsets of the personal or consensus universes involved; such subsets may be considered “levels” of reality.

Recurrent Spontaneous Psychokinesis or RSPK: Term coined by William Roll. Refers to the unconscious use of PK and APK talents (usually by adolescents) as a release for frustration and means of obtaining attention.

Reddopsi or Returning: An antipsi talent for reversing the force vectors of incoming psi broadcasts, thus returning them to their senders. Probably a variation of deflection.

Reincarnation: The belief that we all return, after death, to the earth in the form of another body, in some traditions human in other's also animal. A result of a major Pagan principle that energy never dies.

Religion: (1) The body of institutionalized expressions of sacred beliefs, observances and practices found within a given cultural context.  (2) A magical system combined with a philosophical and ethical system, usually oriented towards “supernatural” beings.  (3) A psychic structure composed of the shared beliefs, experiences and related habits of all members (not just the theologians) of any group calling itself “a religion.”

Remote Viewing: The currently fashionable term being used by parapsychologists in the U.S.A. to refer to clairvoyance, presumably because it sounds “more scientific.” So far, no one has said anything about “remote hearing,” “remote smelling,” etc.

Repeatability: The ability of a phenomenon to be repeated at will, especially as the result of a scientific experiment; one of the major dogmas of scientism is that an unrepeatable experiment is not a valid one.

Retrocognition: Hypercognition done about past phenomena.

Rhabdomancy: Divination by means of wands, sticks, rods and pendulums, usually when searching for water, minerals or other valuable items. Sometimes called “dowsing” or “water witching.”

Right Hand Path: (1) The people we 'like' who are doing magic.  (2) Occultists who spend their time being constructive, manipulative and “good.”

Rising Sign: In Astrology, the zodiacal sign that was coming over the eastern horizon at the time and location for which the chart is cast.
    
Ritual: (1)A mental ceremony using a prescribed set of rites and tools to perform magickal acts or workings. (2): Any ordered sequence of events, actions and/or directed thoughts, especially one that is repeated in the “same” manner each time, that is designed to produce a predictable altered state of consciousness within which certain magical or religious (or artistic or scientific?) results may be obtained.
    
Ritual Cannibalism: The eating of all or part of the physical or symbolic body of a given person or personified entity in hopes of gaining one or more of their desirable attributes.

Ritualism: Devotion to the use of rituals and ceremonies above and beyond the call of sanity; often, an uncritical acceptance of rituals constructed in the past.

Role Playing: (1) A flavour of “modern” psychology, discovered by Aeschylus and Shakespeare, saying that we all wear masks and play various roles as conditions seem to require, even when alone. : (2) A type of game in which the participants cooperate in the creation of a living fantasy novel.

Runes: (1) Letters in the old Celtic, Teutonic and Scandinavian alphabets; the word is based on roots meaning “secret” or “occult.”  (2) Both an alphabet and a divination tool, runes are a set of symbols used similiarly to tarot, although they can be used in a much broader spectrum of divination.  

S

Sabbat: (Sabb-at) One of the days of Power. These are comprised of the eight solar festivals that celebrate the wheel of the year.  Please see Sabbats.     

Samhain: (Sow-in) October 31, is the grand sabbat marking the beginning of winter and the Celtic new year.  It is also a time strongly believed where the veil between the living and the dead is at its thinnest.  Please see our Samhain page.
    
Satya-vacana: In Tantra, the solemn uttering of a Great Truth, used as a mantra for magical or religious effects such as exorcisms.

Schemhampheres: One of several spellings of a word from Christian Cabala, meaning “the expository” or “the 72 Names of God and His Angels;” originally the title of a collection of magical names, now used as a magical word itself.

Science: Accumulated and accepted knowledge that has been systematized and formulated with reference to the discovery of general truths or the operation of general laws; knowledge classified and made available in work, life or the search for truth; comprehensive, profound or philosophical knowledge, especially knowledge obtained and tested through the use of the scientific method.

Scientific Method: The principles and procedures used in the systematic pursuit of intersubjectively (consensus reality) accessible knowledge and involving as necessary conditions the recognition and formulation of a problem, the collection of data through observation and if possible experiment, the formulation of hypotheses, and the testing and confirmation of the hypotheses formulated.

Scientific Pantheist: One who believes in the Universe as divine, but not possessed of supernatural powers or personality. A balance between the scientific and spiritual viewpoints, which "revelatory" religions often set at odds against each other.

Scourge: Small device made from leather or hemp which resembles a whip and is used in flagellation rites within some traditions.

Scrying: A method of divination. To gaze at or into an object (a quartz crystal sphere, a pool of water, reflections, a candle flame) to still the conscious mind in order to contact the psychic mind. Scrying allows the practitioner to become aware of events prior to their actual occurrence, as well as to perceive past or present events.

Seer: One who can see the hidden, a diviner.

Self-Knowledge, Law of: “The most important kind of knowledge is about oneself; a magician must be familiar with her or his own strengths and weaknesses.”

Sensation: The noticing of a change in the internal or external environment; the activity of a sense before classification.

Sense: A mechanism that notices or causes sensation.

Sex Magic: Lovemaking generates a lot of positive energy, which experienced practitioners can use to fuel certain kinds of spells, such as fertility or abundance spells. This is not a technique for novices, although it gets a great deal of attention in folklore and fiction.

Shaman: A medicine person and medium who frequently uses astral and/or mental projection to fly into “the spirit world,” in order to represent his or her tribe to the spirits there and who is often possessed by them as well.

Sheela Na Gig: A quasi-erotic stone carvings of a female figure usually found on Norman churches. They consist of an old woman squatting and pulling apart her vulva.

Shield: An area around a being or object within which one or more forms of (usually) antipsi energies are operating in order to defend the being or object from unwanted psychic intrusions; the process of setting up and maintaining such an antipsi field.

Shillelagh: Magickal tool corresponding to the staff in other traditions. Usually made from blackthorn wood.

Sibyls: Female prophets of antiquity. In Christian times they were supposed to have predicted the arrival of Christ.

Sigil: Magically oriented seal, sign, glyph, or other device used in a magickal working. Ones you create yourself are the most effective. Sigils can be used on letters, packages, clothing, etc.
    
Sign: A pattern of sensory stimuli which is intended to communicate data.

Signs of the Zodiac: In astrology, twelve approximately equal segments of the Ecliptic (the belt of sky through which the planets appear to move “around the Earth”); in many systems of astrology, these no longer occupy the same space as the constellations for which they were originally named.

Silver Cord: Supposed umbilical cord connecting an astral projector to her or his body.

Silver Dagger: A traditional weapon for destroying various monsters.

Similarity, Law of: “Effects are liable to have one or more outward physical or inward mental appearances similar to one or more of said appearances of their causes.”

Sidhe: (Shee) The name generally applied to the faery races of Europe.

Sky Father: Shamanistic in origin. It assigns deification to the sky as a male entity.
    
Skyclad: Ritualistic Nudity practiced by some traditions.

So Mote It Be: The Pagan version of "amen," said at the end of a prayer or spell. "So mote it be" means "It must happen this way" and serves to manifest what the speaker has just said. Pagans may also use this phrase to indicate agreement with something another person says.
    
Solitary: (1) A witch who worships without a coven.  (2) A Pagan who worships alone.

Sorcerer or Sorceress: Indiscriminate terms for those who use (or are suspected of using) magic, especially when acting as independent agents and/or using their magic for “evil” purposes.

Sortilege: Divination by means of sticks, coins, bones, dice, lots, beans, yarrow stalks, stones or any other small objects.

Space: A three-dimensional something that extends without bounds in all directions (this week) and is the field of physical objects and events and their order and relationships.

Space-Time or Space-Time Continuum: The four-dimensional system consisting of three coordinate axes for spacial location and one axis for temporal location, upon which any physical event may be determined by citing its four coordinates; also, the four dimensional space formed by these four axes.
    
Spell: (1) A specific ritual designed to change one condition or thing. Also known as spinning, weaving, casting and spell craft. (2) A magical act designed with an emphasis upon the use of mantras and the literal spelling of words.  (3) Any magical ritual.

Spiritualism: A religion based upon the belief in life after death and the experiences of various mediums over the last hundred years; organized primarily to provide legal protection for the mediums and their followers.

Splodging or Yelling: An antipsi talent for the generation of specific psi broadcasts (usually of emotions) so strong that all other psi signals in range are drowned out or disrupted, with the information content of those signals collapsing first; may be a form of reversed empathy or of single-content telepathic sending.

Sprites: Disembodied spirits, elves, fairies or daemons; often the term used for the Air elemental known as “sylphs,” or as the name of the elementals of Spirit.

Statistics, Three Magical Laws of: “Once is dumb luck, twice is coincidence and three times is Somebody Trying to Tell You Something.”

Stimuli: Those things that arouse sensations; energy fluctuations.

Subconscious Mind: Part of the mind which functions below the levers we are able to access in the course of a normal working day. This area stores symbolic knowledge, dreams, the most minute details of every experience ever had by a person.

Subject: In science, someone or something being observed and/or experimented upon.

Subjective: “Reality” as it is perceived, instead of as it may be “in itself.”

Summerland: The Pagan Land of the Dead.

Sun Sign: In astrology, the zodiacal sign that the sun appeared to be in at the time and location for which the chart is cast. In isolation, the sun sign reveals very little data.

Supernatural: Rare, unusual, beyond the common, extraordinary, unexplainable at the time, paranormal; usually input as “religious” phenomena.

Superstitions: (1) Fixed irrational notions held stubbornly in the face of evidence to the contrary; beliefs, practices, concepts or acts resulting from ignorance, fear of the unknown, morbid scrupulosity, erroneous concepts of causality, etc., as in the words and actions of many critics of parapsychology and the occult.  (2) “A belief not founded in any coherent worldview” (J. B. Russell).  (3) Someone else’s religious or philosophical beliefs.

Supplication: The normal form of prayer, that is to say, begging; occasionally, asking an entity to give you her or his attention for a moment.

Survival Phenomena: Paranormal phenomena that appear to bear relevance to the questions of survival after physical death; at one time the main area of study in parapsychology when it was still being called “psychic research.”

Suspension of Disbelief: Temporary curtailment of critical faculties for a specific time and specific purpose, it is absolutely necessary during the performance of a ritual. Before and after the ritual, however, the participants can and should 'criticise' all that they can.

Sutra: Book or traditional collection of sayings.

Switchboard, The: A theory of the author’s concerning a postulated network of interlocking metapatterns of everyone who has ever lived or who is living now, expressed as constantly changing and infinitely subtle modifications of current telepathic transmissions and receptions. Many phenomena interpreted as “spirits” may actually be “circuits” within this Switchboard, as may be many other “archetypes” of the “collective unconscious.” See Akasic Records, Archetype, Circuit, and Unconscious, Collective.

Sword: An archaic weapon used in western occultism as a symbol of the “element” of Air, as well as for fighting psychic battles, concentrating and directing energies, and for severing psychic links or bonds.

Symbol: A sign plus an associated concept.

Sympathetic Magick: Concept of likes attract. (another term for one of the Hermetic Laws)

Synchronicity, Law of: “Two or more events happening at the ‘same’ time are likely to have more associations in common than the merely temporal.”

Synthesis, Law of: “The synthesis of two or more ‘opposing’ patterns of data will produce a new pattern that will be ‘truer’ than either of the first ones were.”

T

Table Tipping: The use of tables for dactylomancy.

Talent: As used in this text, an ability to use psychic energies in one or more forms, including ESP, Hypercognition, PK and the Antipsi powers. Talents may be active, passive or both.

Talisman: (1) An object empowered to protect its wearer. Note this differs from the amulet as it is empowered, not naturally protective as is the amulet. (2) A psychically charged mandala carried about (or placed in a special spot), expected to work via contagion.

Tantra: Indian systems of theurgical concepts and magical training methods, easily adaptable for thaumaturgic purposes.

Tantrism: The religious window dressing added to Tantra.

Tapping: The absorption of psychic energy from the ether or from groups or individuals who are willing (such as congregations of worshippers or various deities).

Target: The person, object or process one wishes to effect in order to accomplish on
    
Tarot: (Tair-oh) Ancestors of modern playing cards, originally designed for divination use and now used for meditational and magickal focusing as well. A set of 78 cards which are laid out in such a fashion that the diviner interprets them to answer the question at hand.

Technology: The study of applying scientific, artistic, psychic or other knowledge to practical ends; the use of methods, skills, crafts, arts, sciences, knowledge and beliefs to provide the material needs of a people.

Telekinesis: Synonym for “psychokinesis.”

Telepathy: A type of ESP involving the communication of data from one mind to another without the use of the normal sensory channels. Note that telepathic sending and reception may be two different talents.

Teleportation: A PK talent involving the seemingly instantaneous movement of a person or other being from one location in space-time to another, apparently without going through the normal space-time in between. See Aportation.

Temperature or Thermal Control: An APK talent for altering the speed of atoms and molecules, so as to change the temperature of an object of being; see its two main subsets: Heat Control and Cold Control.

Thaumaturgy: (1) The use of magic for nonreligious purposes; (2) the art and science of “wonder working;” (3) using magic to actually change things on the Earth Plane.

Thaumaturgical Design: Experimental design for magic.

Theist: One who believes in the existence of some divine Being(s), usually transcendent in nature.

Thealogy: Intellectual speculations concerning the nature of the Goddess and Her relations to the world in general and humans in particular; rational explanations of religious doctrines, practices and beliefs, which may or may not bear any connection to any religion as actually conceived and practiced by the majority of its members.

Theology: Intellectual speculations concerning the nature of the God and His relations to the world in general and humans in particular; etc.

Theory: (1) A belief, policy or procedure proposed or followed as the basis of action. (2) An ideal or hypothetical set of facts, principles or circumstances. (3) The body of generalizations and principles developed in association with practice in a field of activity. (4) A judgment, conception, proposition or formula formed by speculation or deduction, or by abstraction and generalization from facts. (5) A working hypothesis given probability by experimental evidence or by factual or conceptual analysis but not conclusively established or accepted as a law.

Theurgy: The use of magic for religious and/or psychotherapeutic purposes, in order to attain “salvation” or “personal evolution.”

Three M’s: Mantra, mandala and mudra; the prime associational and trance inducing devices.

Time: A function of the ways in which humans perceive their universes, as being composed of phenomena that occur “before,” “during” or “after” each other.

Torah, The: The first five books of the Bible.

Tradition or Trad: A term used by Neopagan and other Witches to refer to the exact distinctions between each body of organized sectarian beliefs and practices, thus some groups refer to themselves as Manx Traditional Witchcraft, Scottish Trad, English Traditional, Continental, German, etc. The assumption or claim is usually that each “tradition” represents several centuries’ worth of an organized system of witchcraft, though in point of fact the overwhelming majority of trads can be easily proven to be less than thirty years old. The term, however, seems to be evolving to mean just a sect or flavor of modern Paganism, with no implied claims of antiquity.

Trance: An altered state of consciousness (at least for most people) which is characterized by disassociation and withdrawal from the mundane environment.

Transmutation: An APK talent for changing the atomic structure of matter, so as to alter its elemental or molecular nature.

Treatise: A writing that treats a subject; specifically, one that provides in a systematic manner and for an expository or argumentative purpose a methodical discussion of the facts and principles involved and conclusions reached.

Tribal Magical Systems:All systems of magic and mysticism practiced by peoples living in tribal cultures at any time in the past or present, anywhere in the world.

True: (1) That which is most probable. (2) That which is most readily accepted by the masses as being so. (3) That which is pleasant and/or convenient to believe.

Triple Goddess: The 3 aspects of  the mother goddess in one, maiden, mother and crone.   A symbol widely found throughout the civilized world. The representation of the triple goddess is the waxing, full and waning moon.  )O(

True Falsehoods, Law of: “It is possible for a concept or act to violate the truth patterns of a given personal universe (including a single person’s part of a consensus reality) and yet to still be ‘true,’ provided that it ‘works’ in a specific situation.”

U

Unconscious, Collective: A theoretical construct of C. G. Jung, who believed that all human beings have access to the collected mental experience of all their ancestors and that, in essence, these memories (usually in highly symbolic forms) are carried genetically from one generation to the next; sometimes called “racial” unconscious, though whether the species as a whole or specific gene pools are referred to is unclear.

Unity, Law of: “Every phenomenon in existence at any point in space or time is linked, directly or indirectly, to every other one.”

Universals, Cultural: Patterns of belief or behavior that show up in all or a majority of human cultures, that are related to specific topics.

Universe: The total gestalt of all data patterns one may have about that which seems to be oneself and that which seems to be not-oneself; depending upon whether or not one believes in an objective reality, the universe can be considered to be a part of one’s metapattern or vice versa.

V

Vampire: A person who has supposedly risen from the dead and who survives through a process of inducing willing or unwilling blood donations.

Vampire, Psychic: A person or institution practicing the absorption of psychic energy to the point of actually damaging the people they attack. See Absorption and Tapping.

Variable: A factor, as in an equation or experiment, that changes from situation to situation and thus affects the outcome.

Varna: In Tantra, the principle that sound is eternal and that every letter of the alphabet is a deity.

Vodun or Voudoun: (1) A West African word meaning “deity” or “power.”
Vodun or Voudoun: (2) General term for a variety of eclectic religions and associated magical systems practiced throughout the Americas, consisting of mixtures of various African tribal beliefs with various Native American tribal beliefs, Roman Catholicism and Protestantism, Spiritualism, Theosophy and other systems (including Hinduism, Islam, Neopagan Witchcraft and anything else that seems useful). Different names include Candomble, Macumba, Santeria, Hoodoo, Voodoo and many others.

Vortex Field: An energy field causing rapid circular movement around an axis.

W

Wand: A short stick of wood or metal, used ritually in western occultism as a symbol (usually) of the “element” of Fire, as well as for concentrating and directing energies.

Warlock: (1) One who bends (or bends with) words, a magician and/or liar. (2) Used by some to refer to male witches.

Water: One of the main “elements” in occultism; associated in the West with emotions, intuition, blue, green, silver, cups, bowls, wisdom, passivity, cleansing, passive psychic arts, cold, dampness, etc.

Water Witching: Rhabdomancy when done for finding water.

Web, The: (1) The total pattern formed by all the interactions of all matter and all energy. (2) The current best example of the Law of Infinite Data.

Weight: The effect of gravity upon mass.

Weight Control: Mass control and/or gravity control when done in a gravity well (on the surface of a planet, for example).

Werewolf: Someone who can supposedly change their body into that of a wolf’s, as a result of deliberate intent (shape shifting) or unfortunate curse.

Wheel of the Year: The never ending seasonal shift throughout the 8 Sabbats or days of power. In Pagan mythos, the goddess turns the wheel bringing everything to season. Please see Sabbats.     

White Magic: (1) A used to refer to magic being done for “good” purposes (2) A used to refer to magic being done by people of whom the user of the term approves.

Wic-: An Old English root meaning (1) to bend, turn or twist, and (2) to practice magic.

Wicca and Wicce: The male and female terms, respectively, in Old English that eventually became “witch” in Modern English.

Wicca: (Wik-uh): Wicca represents an ancient religion of love for life and nature. Wicca is easily one of the most irrepressible religions in the world because it stimulates the intellect, promotes a simple, practical way of life and, most importantly, is emotionally satisfying.  Brought into the public eye in the 1950's by Gerald Gardner after the repeal of British anti-witchcraft laws, Wicca is now a strong, healthy and popular religion and movement.  Please see our Wicca section for more information.     

Wiccan: (1) The original plural form for “wicca/wicce” or “witch.” (2) An adjective used to describe their religion by the followers of Neopagan Witchcraft.

Wiccian or Wigle: The Old English words for the activities of a “wicca/wicce.”

Wiccan Rede: Summed up as "An ye harm none, do what thou will".  Please see Ethics.

Wiccaning: Also called a Blessing, "Paganing" or "saining," this is the Wiccan/Pagan equivalent of Christening or Child Baptism. During this Rite, a Pagan baby receives a name and welcoming into the family/tribe. Customarily, the parents and/or a High Priestess also bless the child and introduce him or her to the God and the Goddess, but not as a permanent dedication. That must generally wait until the child is old enough to decide what religion he or she feels called to follow. This merely serves as a basis for teaching, protection, and community during childhood.

Widdershins: (Widd-er-shins) The working act usually in ritual or song of moving or dancing  in a counter-clockwise motion. This is used for banishing or negative works. This is the opposite of deosil.(note: this direction is opposite for Northern and Southern hemispheres)

Window Dressing: The scenery and passive props used to provoke and reinforce specific moods and associations.
    
Witch: (1) A general word for Pagans world wide although traditionally those of Anglo-Celtic, Celtic or Teutonic traditions. A male or female member of the Wiccan religion, if capitalized; or a practitioner of Pagan magic, if lowercase. "Witch" and "Devil worshipper/Satanist" are mutually exclusive terms. (2) Anyone who calls themself a “witch” or is called such by others; (3) an utterly useless term without a qualifying adjective in front of it. The only thing the definitions of “witch” have in common is the idea of magic or other techniques of change being practiced.

Witchcraft: From “wiccecraeft,” the craft of being a witch. Notice that “craft” has no specifically religious connotation.

Witchcraft, Alexandrian: A variety of Gardnerian Witchcraft founded by British magician Alex Sanders.

Witchcraft, Anthropologic: Anything called “witchcraft” by an anthropologist, usually referring to (a) the practices of independent (real or supposed) magic users who are suspected of at least sometimes using their magic outside of their society’s accepted cultural norms, and/or (b) a perceived state, often involuntary, of being a monster who can curse people with the “evil eye.” Definition (a) is what the word “wicce” probably originally referred to, annoying as that may be to modern Wiccans.
      
      
Witchcraft, Classic:The practices of the persons often called “witches” (if seldom to their faces) in pre-medieval Europe, to wit: midwifery; healing with magic, herbs and other folk remedies; providing abortions, love potions and poisons; divination; casting curses and blessings, etc. A Classic Witch’s religion may well have been irrelevant to his or her techniques. After the monotheistic conquests, most survivors were — at least officially — Christians (or Moslems in Spain and Portugal). Some may have retained a certain amount of pre-Christian/Islamic magical and religious tradition. Classic Witches have continued to exist to this very day, in ever dwindling numbers, mostly in the remotest villages and among the Romany or other Traveling Peoples.
      
Witchcraft, Dianic: (1) A postulated medieval cult of Diana and/or Dianus worshipers. (2) Term used by some henotheistic Neopagan Witches to refer to their concentration on the Goddess.(3) Term used by some Feminist separatist Witches to describe their practices and beliefs.
         
Witchcraft, Ethnic: The practices of various non-English-speaking people who use magic, religion and alternative healing methods in their own communities, and who are called “witches” by English speakers who don’t know any better.
      
Witchcraft, Familial or “Fam-Trad:” The practices and beliefs of those who claim to belong to (or have been taught by members of) families that supposedly have been underground Paleopagans for several centuries in Europe and/or the Americas, using their wealth and power to stay alive and secret. Even if they existed, none of them could have a pure religious or magical tradition by now; instead, they would have fragments of Paleopagan customs mixed with Christianity or Islam as well as every new occult wave that hit the West. 99.9% of all the people I have ever met who claimed to be Fam-Trad Witches were lying, or had been lied to by their teachers. Also sometimes called “Hereditary Witchcraft” or even “Genetic Witchcraft” by those who think they must claim a witch as an ancestor in order to be a witch today.
      
Witchcraft, Fairy or Faery or Faerie Trad: (1) Any of several traditions of Mesopagan and/or Neopagan Witchcraft started by the blind poet and scoundrel guru Victor Anderson since the 1970s, mixing British and Celtic folklore about the fairies, Gardnerianism, Voodoo, Hawaiian Huna (itself a Mesopagan invention of Max Freedom Long), Tantra, Gypsy magic, Native American beliefs, and anything else he was thinking about at the time he was training the founders of each trad. (2) Varieties of Neopagan Witchcraft focused around homosexual or bisexual images and magical techniques rather than the heterosexual ones used in most Wiccan traditions.
(3) Other sects of Neopagan Witchcraft focused around real or made-up fairy lore, often taken from romantic poems, plays, and novels about the fairies. In most of these traditions, there is usually an assumption that the ancient associations between fairies and witches were true, and that the fairies were originally the Paleopagan nature spirits and/or deities.
     
      
Witchcraft, Feminist: Several new monotheistic religions started since the early 1970s by women in the feminist community who belonged to the women’s spirituality movement and/or who had contact with Neopagan Witches. It is partially an outgrowth of Neopagan Witchcraft, with male deities booted unceremoniously(!) out of the religion entirely, and partially a conglomeration of independent and eclectic do-it-yourself covens of spiritually-inclined feminists. The religions usually involve worshiping only the syncretic Goddess and using Her as a source of inspiration, magical power and psychological growth. Their scholarship is generally abysmal and men are usually not allowed to join or participate.
      
Witchcraft, Gardnerian: The originally Mesopagan source of what has now become Neopagan Witchcraft, founded by Gerald Gardner and friends in the late 1940s and 1950s, based upon his alleged contacts with British Fam-Trads. After he finished inventing, expanding and/or reconstructing the rites, laws and other materials, copies were stolen by numerous others who then claimed Fam-Trad status and started new religions of their own. (See Ronald Hutton’s Triumph of the Moon for all the messy details.) Though Gardnerians are sometimes called “the scourge of the Craft,” together with the Alexandrians and members of some other British Traditions, they may be considered simply the orthodox branch of Neopagan Witchcraft.

Witchcraft, Gothic: A postulated cult of devil worshipers invented by the medieval Church, used as the excuse for raping, torturing and killing scores of thousands of women, children and men. The cult was said to consist of people who worshiped the Christian Devil in exchange for magical powers then used to benefit themselves and harm others. Also called “Diabolic Witchcraft” and “Satanic Witchcraft.” I coined this term many years ago, before the rise of the “Goth” subculture of the 1980s.

Witchcraft, Hereditary: See Witchcraft, Familial and Grandmotherly.

Witchcraft, Immigrant or “Imm-Trad:” Refers to the customs and beliefs of Mesopagan peasants and supposed Fam-Trad members who immigrated to the Americas and mingled their magical and religious customs with each other, the Native Americans, enslaved Blacks, and the previous immigrants, helping to produce the dozens of kinds of Voodoo and Hoodoo,along with Pennsylvania “hex” magic and Appalachian magical lore.

Witchcraft, Neoclassic: The current practices of those who are consciously or unconsciously duplicating some or many of the activities of the Classic Witches and who call themselves (or are called by others) witches.

Witchcraft, Neogothic: The beliefs and practices of modern Satanists, most of whom work very hard to be everything that the medieval Church and current Fundamentalists say they should be. Some of them perform Black Masses, commit blasphemy and sacrilege, hold (or long to hold) orgies, etc. There is some small overlap with the Goth subculture of the 1980s.

Witchcraft, Neopagan: Several new duotheistic religions founded since the 1960s, most of which are variations of Gardnerian Witchcraft but some of which are independent inventions and/or reconstructions based on real or supposed Family Traditions, Immigrant Traditions, literary creations, etc. — just like Gardner’s! Most groups who call what they do “Wicca” are Neopagan Witches.

Witchcraft, Neoshamanic: (1) The beliefs and practices of those modern persons who are attempting to rediscover, duplicate and/or expand upon the practices of the original (postulated) Shamanic Witches.
(2) Neopagan Witchcraft with feathers, drums, crystals, and other New Age additions of a vaguely Shamanic flavor. Most use drums and chanting rather than drugs to achieve their desired trance states.

Witchcraft, Shamanic: (1) Originally, the beliefs and practices of members of postulated independent belladonna/Moon Goddess cults throughout pre-medieval Europe, remnants of which might have survived into the Middle Ages. (2) Currently, Neoshamanic Witchcraft done by those who do not use the Neo- prefix.

Witch Cult of Western Europe: A European-wide cult of underground Pagans postulated, in a book of that name, by Margaret Murray as having been the actual cause or spark of the medieval persecutions, but which is not believed in by most of the historians, linguists, folklorists or anthropologists who have examined her arguments. Also known as the “Unitarian Universalist White Witch Cult of Western Theosophical Brittany.”

Witchdoctor: A medicine person or shaman who hunts down and fights “evil” Anthropologic Witches.

Witchfinder: A cleric or other person who seeks out and tortures alleged Gothic Witches.

Witchmark: Blemish supposedly placed upon a Gothic Witch by The Devil as a sort of membership card or identification device.

Witch Wars: The regrettable use of vicious gossip and back biting which sometimes surrounds a dispute within Pagan culture; not restricted to Witches. The term "witch war" can refer to online flames, letter campaigns, fights in person, and so forth. Responsible people do not support or practice this kind of behaviour.

Wizard: From the Old English “wys-ard,” meaning “wise one.” Originally may have referred to anyone whose wisdom was respected; later came to mean a male witch; now used to mean a powerful and wise magician.

Words of Power, Law of: “There exist certain words that are able to alter the internal and external realities of those uttering them, and their power may rest in the very sounds of the words as much as in their meanings.”

Wytche: A general word for many practitioners of Pagan Traditions world wide, although traditionally those of Anglo-Celtic, Celtic or Teutonic traditions. A practitioner of a Pagan Path, this spelling generally used to differentiate from a practitioner of Wicca. "Wytche" and "Devil worshipper/Satanist" are mutually exclusive terms.

X

Xenophobia: A morbid fear of that which is new, different or strange; common among professional debunkers of minority belief systems and other fundamentalists.

Y

Yantra: A Tantric diagram or chart.

Yin-Yang: Chinese symbol for the Laws of Polarity and Synthesis.

Yoga:Literally means “yoke” or discipline. With no qualifying adjective, usually refers to Hatha Yoga (discipline of the body).

Yule: (Yool) The winter solstice and the shortest day of the year, Yule is when the goddess gives birth to the god.  This is also the Norse New Year. 

Z

Zener Cards: Cards used in most of the early ESP experiments, developed in the Parapsychology Laboratory at Duke University.

Zombie: (1) Someone supposedly raised from the dead by a Vodun magician, possibly never really dead at all but rather drugged, who is used as a slave.  (2) Someone who has joined a repressive “cult” movement, lost their own personality and other intellectual faculties, and is used as a slave.

   

Sources:

Books:
  • Terra Sphere Coven Book of Shadows.
  • Eason. C. (1997).  The Handbook of Ancient Wisdom. Sydney: The Book Company International. 
  • Harper. K. & Payton. G. (1976-82) Heinmann Australian Dictionary. Victoria: Heinmann Educational Australia.
  • Jones. A. (1995). Larousse Dictionary of World Folklore. New York: Larousse plc.
  • Terra Sphere Coven (formerly CMM). (2001). Introduction to Paganism Course - Week Nine. Bunbury: Mystic Moon Publications.
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